Thoughts on economics and liberty

Category: Public policy

Open letter to the Secretary of the Department of Treasury and Finance, Victoria

The word document, here. The HTML below:


Dated 18 October 2020

Dear Secretary of the Department of Treasury and Finance

I address you not by name but as the head of a major Victorian institution, the Treasury. Please do not take this letter as a reflection of any of your personal actions but as the performance of the institution you represent – the Treasury; for you are not alone but are advised on a daily basis by a large number of highly paid executives who have been hired to advise you honestly and forthrightly about all policy matters.

I begin by noting the comment made by the Treasurer of Victoria on his Twitter account on 10 September 2020 (the day on which I was handing over my laptop and pass to the head of the Treasury’s People and Culture branch): “These restrictions are keeping us all safe but they come at a devastating economic cost” ( Due to the word limitations on Twitter, the Treasurer perhaps failed to mention that the Government is keenly aware of the enormous mental health cost of the lockdowns which has led the Government to pour millions of dollars into mental health. It is also keenly aware that people are terrorised by the lockdowns and are not getting their essential health checks, which is certain to lead to an unprecedented increase in cancer and heart disease in the coming years.

The harm caused by the virus is an Act of Nature but the harm caused by lockdowns is an Act of Man. This Open Letter is about the enormous harm being caused to Victoria by the government (Act of Man) – not by the virus.

The Treasury, as an institution, is required to prevent such catastrophic man-made harm. That’s why I write to the Treasury, not just to the Secretary.

The people of Victoria pay millions of dollars each year to the Treasury so it can be populated with expertise from a wide range of fields, to assist the Secretary in advising the government of the day in a manner consistent with the laws of the State.

As Treasury is, above all, a trustee of the people, with only one goal: to create an economic and social environment that is conducive to the wellbeing and prosperity of all Victorians.

I do not know the Secretary’s precise salary but since Phil Gaetjens was paid $879,978 at the Commonwealth Treasury, I assume the Victorian taxpayers pay the Treasury’s Secretary at least $700,000 (Source: Such an amount is not paid to the Secretary by Victorians to merely be a Ministerial Adviser. Such advisers can, without much loss of integrity, interpret laws in a manner favourable to their political masters and even obey illegal orders – since their political aims and power games do not have to, at any point, overlap with the welfare of Victorians.

But the public service is different. Public servants are required to provide independent, frank and fearless advice to the government of the day and to oppose all actions that breach the laws. In proving his or her advice to the Treasurer, Secretary of the Treasury is expected to actively seek advice and inputs from across his organisation. That is why the Treasury hires people like me on its rolls – not petty pen-pushers but highly qualified, trained and experienced knowledge workers.

It was widely known from mid-February 2020 that the risk of dying from COVID-19 is skewed towards the elderly, especially those – amongst them – whose immune system is compromised by other illness. Accordingly, in late February 2020, I wrote to senior executives in the Treasury with initial suggestions about how this pandemic could be managed.

I have FOI’d my precise email from the Treasury but I recall that it included words to the following effect – that the wholesale social isolation that China and Italy are implementing is not an optimal strategy to minimise harm from coronavirus. I wrote to my bosses that the data are suggesting that the young in Victoria (below 40) can go about their business without much concern, that those between 40 and 60 can wear protective equipment (masks, gloves, etc.) and go to work while taking extra precautions at all times. And that those above 60 (and those with weak respiratory systems) should mainly work from home and minimise interactions with others. In my email I advised that doing so will minimise the (inevitable and unavoidable) hit to Victoria’s GSP and minimise health costs.

I should have probably clarified the health costs issue in my email – that it would include the prevention of the loss of additional lives from non-COVID-19 issues precipitated by the lockdowns, something that I have detailed in my October 2020 book, The Great Hysteria and The Broken State, which is available both as a print and kindle edition –

I recall that in response I was told in writing (or at least verbally) that this was a matter purely for the DHHS. I have FOI’d that email, if any, but recall clearly a senior official coming to my desk to explain this – so it might not have been in an email.

In addition, over the many months since the Victorian Government chose to impose lockdowns that are even more draconian than the Wuhan lockdowns, I repeatedly raised concerns with my team and my bosses. Except for some off-the-record emails and phone calls with a few colleagues who were equally concerned, the Treasury bosses basically said that pandemic policy is not their business. I was steered away from raising my concerns despite raising them repeatedly and despite my extensive past experience in risk assessment as a former executive of the Victorian WorkCover Authority. Please inquire into the endless attempts I made while at the Treasury to flag my concerns. My comments were even labelled – perhaps jocularly – as a “rant” by one of the senior executives, which is fine, but who then did not bother to ask me about the reasons for my deep concern. I also shared some of the 17 articles about the pandemic that I have written over the past year in my Times of India blog ( within the Treasury but no executive was interested in such information. It seems everyone had been told to put blinkers around their eyes.

Original Victorian pandemic policy was consistent with the laws

Fortunately, as I discovered after my resignation from the Treasury when I started conducting research for my book, Victoria’s 10 March 2020 Pandemic Plan said pretty much what I wrote to my bosses in February 2020.

It took a risk-based approach and “focused on protecting vulnerable Victorians”.  It stated that “older Victorians and people with chronic diseases are known to be at greater risk of COVID-19 infection”. And said that it would “ramp up risk reduction activity [for] at-risk groups”.

The 10 March 2020 Victorian pandemic plan also included the most important principle of all – of proportionality: to “ensure a proportionate and equitable response”. It wanted things to be “flexible and proportionate” and to “reduce [not eliminate] the morbidity and mortality associated with COVID-19”. It spoke only about flattening of the curve, not about the extreme suppression bordering on elimination that we have been seeing in Victoria – which is specifically forbidden by Australia’s biosecurity laws.

Victoria’s 10 March 2020 pandemic plan did have a strategy of workplace closures, when necessary. But any concerns one might have had about this strategy would have been alleviated because the plan also required the principles of risk and proportionality to be followed. As well, the Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008 imposes stern restrictions on the powers of the Chief Health Officer to close down workplaces. Any closures under Victoria’s original pandemic plan would therefore have been extremely rare and well-targeted, not indiscriminate like what we’ve seen over the past six months.

Victoria’s pandemic plan did not say that Melbourne would be converted into a city-wide prison for a moderate pandemic (that too with a ring of steel) while everyone waits at home for a vaccine to get invented, tested, approved, mass-produced and punched into every Victorian.

In other words, the 10 March 2020 Victorian plan was a well-balanced response to what was always going to be a difficult problem.

The plan was also consistent with the Victorian Guide to Regulation, the toolkit for which is located on the Treasury’s website and which states: “It is not possible for governments to provide a completely ‘risk free’ society, or to prevent every possible event that might cause harm”. Further: “the direct and indirect costs imposed by regulatory approaches may not be … immediately obvious. Risk regulation that is poorly targeted or costly will divert resources from other priorities”.

In other words, both my February 2020 advice and DHHS’s own pandemic plan of 10 March 2020 were consistent with the Treasury’s long-established practice of risk-based and performance-based regulation.

In this regard I invite the Secretary’s attention to Section 9 of Victoria’s Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008 which states: “decisions made and actions taken in the administration of this Act should be proportionate to the public health risk sought to be prevented, minimised or controlled; and should not be made or taken in an arbitrary manner”.

Nothing could be more arbitrary than the directives issued by the Chief Health Officer. Not one of them is justified by the science – and he refuses to publish the reasons for these entirely arbitrary orders – thus breaching another requirement of the Act.

Section 8 of Victoria’s Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008 requires that those who impose public health measures must provide full information and allow the public to participate: “Members of the public should be given access to reliable information in appropriate forms to facilitate a good understanding of public health issues” as well as “opportunities to participate in policy and program development”. Sadly, despite my asking the Chief Health Officer at least 30 times, he has refused to provide or publish any reasons for his entirely arbitrary public health directives. That is because he has no reason that can stand in the court of law.

As I have continued to research the matter after my resignation it is becoming more obvious that Victoria’s lockdowns not only breach good regulatory policy practice (which the Treasury supervises on behalf of the Treasurer) but are in compressive breach of Victoria’s public health laws and a number of international covenants including the Nuremberg Code, UN’s declaration on bioethics and Article 7 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

Regarding the risk posed by the virus, I agree that no one knew the magnitude of the risk posed by the novel coronavirus in February 2020, but by mid-April 2020 anyone with rudimentary arithmetic skills would have known that the pandemic was tracking far below initial estimates. For example, initial models (such as those based on the work of Neil Ferguson from the Imperial College) had suggested that Sweden would experience over 95,000 deaths from COVID-19 without lockdowns, with a bulk of these deaths occurring in April 2020. To date, 5,918 have died in Sweden. And, as Sweden’s State Epidemiologist Anders Tegnell regretfully admits, many, if not most of these deaths could have been averted had Sweden deployed more resources into its aged-care homes in the early days of the pandemic.

When precisely did the Treasury abandon its policy advice role?

As the Secretary can see, I have innumerable objections to the actions taken by DHHS and the Government since around the 20 March 2020 when Victoria’s pandemic plan and the laws of Victoria were abandoned. In my book I try to explain why this might have happened. Possibly, the hysteria created by the media made the situation too difficult for politicians to handle. But that is why we have hundreds of independent public servants like me, with the Secretary of the Treasury expected to provide the Treasurer with advice that he needs to see, even when society has gone hysterical.

I am confident that had the Secretary sought to obtain formal legal and economic policy advice from the Deputy Secretaries of the Corporate Services and Economic divisions on the DHHS’s radical change in plans in late March 2020, he or she would have been in no doubt that the shift in policy was inconsistent with both the original pandemic plan and the laws of Victoria. And, having obtained such advice, the Secretary’s role would have been to advise the Treasurer against the measures being imposed in Victoria.

I was, however, not made aware at any stage whether the Treasury had put its foot down on these ridiculous and unlawful “public health” “measures” by providing formal advice to the Treasurer. Instead, I experienced what I believe is the strongest culture of groupthink that I’ve experienced in my entire life (I have elaborated this in my book).

Now, there are two possibilities.

First, that the Secretary did advise the Treasurer in writing against these policies and the Treasurer did not accept the advice. If that did happen, I believe that the Secretary and all Deputy Secretaries ought to have resigned given they are also citizens and sworn to defending the laws of Victoria and the prosperity of all Victorians. When Victoria’s laws are breached on such a grand scale, I would expect senior public servants to speak directly to the people – a task that I, a lowly paid economist, am now performing.

The second possibility is that the Secretary did not provide such advice. It is not possible for the Secretary of the Treasury to tell me that pandemic policy is not within the ambit of the Treasury’s scope of work. In my almost 15 years in the Treasury I do not recall any major public policy area on which we did not provide written advice to the Treasurer from the perspective of enhancing the prosperity of all Victorians. So, if no advice was provided then it could only happen if the Secretary chose to back-off. If that happened, was it because of a written government directive to the Secretary or was it a political decision the Secretary made – who then acted as a Ministerial Advisor to the Treasurer.

There is yet another possibility – that everything I’m saying is wrong, that everything I have written in my book is wrong, that my interpretation of the science and the laws is wrong, that my interpretation of the Victorian Guide to Regulation is wrong – in which case I request the Secretary to publicly refute all the points I make in my book and refute the Victorian laws and Victoria’s pandemic plan of 10 March 2020 and all international covenants that I have cited.

The Secretary of the Treasury can defend his or her support for draconian lockdowns by proving to me that such lockdowns are consistent with the science and the laws and that masks are extremely beneficial when worn outdoors in the open air with no one around for tens, if not hundreds of metres. If the Treasury is able to do so, including by providing me with an appropriate cost-benefit test that confirms that there will be only benefits from lockdowns and no additional (man-made) mental harm, deaths or reduction in lifespan from the lockdowns, then – as I have said repeatedly (in my book and on Channel 9’s Current Affairs program last week) – I will be happy to support the harshest possible restrictions in Victoria. Please do note that the precautionary principle cannot be used as a basis to implement policies that are specifically prohibited and rejected by science, e.g. lockdowns and mandatory masks outdoors.

There are many other things I wish to raise with the Secretary but I will not do so due to paucity of time. Instead, I request Treasury officials  to read my 29,000-word book and 5,500-word paper presented to the Samuel Griffith Society (

I do wish to note one thing, though: that by trying to get me to remove my posts against the Police State that Victoria has become, the Secretary of the Treasury (as an institution) indicated his direct support for police brutalities in Victoria. Please explain why the Secretary of the Treasury believes (and in particular the Executive Director who asked me to remove my criticisms) that it is necessary and beneficial to create a Police State in Victoria and attack the trust between citizens and Victoria Police – and the trust between citizens.

I look forward to the Secretary’s response that is posted on the Treasury’s website and shared with the media across Victoria and Australia. I do not have the resources to keep FOI’ing relevant information, so I request that the Treasury also publish – in the public interest and in the interest of transparency and good governance – all relevant non-Cabinet Ministerial briefs and other correspondence and internal working documents in which the Treasury has advised the Treasurer or the Treasurer’s Private Office on the legality and policy legitimacy or otherwise of the Government’s pandemic policy.


Sanjeev Sabhlok

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The writing is on the wall, Daniel Andrews. Go now! The people have had it to their neck

I’ve compiled key comments from the Current Affairs FB page on the program that aired last night (I’ve deleted a few truly stupid comments from pro-lockdowners – the selfish brats who don’t care a bit for anyone else)

Thanks for showing some truth FINALLY ACA. I have to admit I stopped watching your programme some years ago. Thanks Sanjeev for your stand for Victoria: It will not be forgotten.


Totally agree) I have been stating for months here in Canada that it will be noted in the years to come that lockdown of an ENTIRE country nearly destroyed our economy- maybe it already has. Lel us not forget that people with the monetary means have p… See More


I am trying not to make any comments but I am so stressed and depressed and mentally sick and And and I hate Labour Party even I hate myself why I didn’t die before march or April! I could have RIP nicely but now even in the grave I hate this inhuman rules of this government.


Smith We have been in lockdown for 7 months . Please don’t down play what is happening in this state


You must make a stand and open. Small business must Rot agree with government. They are very wrong. You must all open like Harry’s menswear You must use your awn initiative & be courageous.


End it why do our dying need to die alone. End it and take precautions instead! Cruel

Good on you * for speaking out Victoria and Melbourne are the worst place to be! This evil dictator needs to be removed!


I seriously worm about Dans mental health. At first he was trying to do what he thought was best but now he is obsessed He is obsessed with the impossible dream of eradicating this virus, he is obsessed with controlling the people he Governs.

surprise here with Dan the Man’s own team having had a gutful of him, as the Assistant said ”show us the real reasoning behind our 5k lockdown” and of course Dan the Man will make up another excuse in his 1,000,000,000,0000 speech tomorrow


Thank you Sargie, for your honesty. I cant wait to read it and it movie. Thank you so much for your integrity.


Good on himt I will certainly be interested in his book


Time for new laws to convict positive tested selfish spreaders and even harsher sentences if they don’t co operate instead of always the easy way punishing the law abiding citizens, This management of this pandemic is a 1000 times worse


Isn’t anyone wondering, why Dan won’t bring down the kickdowns. Danis dearly doing his bear to get numbers, most are fake, test is fake, nurses being paid to change death certificates from suicides to Covid, is fake, …Dan is deliberately


Good luck to dan Andrews thinking he will be able to live a normal life and be able to walk down a street in peace after this ….Ruined that many businesses in he’s process and added pressure on families


To be in lock down for that amount of time will affect so many peoples mental health. There are people in Queensland with anxiety now that have never had it before, and Queensland has never had the numbers Victoria has had. They are doing mare harm tha


Finally, a bit of honest reporting. You’re a bit slow on the uptake, though, ACA.


Finally someone has a few brain cells over there. But you all would be fools to go with contact -tracing! They now say lockdowns, masks, social distancing, the 3-10% mortality rate, were all the wrong way to handle this…so after contact tracing is in


Dictator Dan isn’t human


I thought this harsh lockdown was going to be 6 weeks?!


Dictator dan is owned by the Chinese government!


PI some one can give DA hair cut & send him back to the college to learn more. Melburnians pl kick this Clown out, He let his state & country dawn . Any lockdown is no good yspecially for this long. DA should get a award for the Clown of Victoria.


The comprehension of Australians is concerning. If the unwell just stayed home then we would be all free to live life as normal

It’s not that hard to understand


Why can’t restaurants open at 25% capacity? And then open a open by appt only? And gradually open all The way?


yes time to end A and live with it If you fear it stay indoors.


Just lock down and just hurting everybody financially physically you are killing the sick it is so you want to do it on purpose the cold down the population wake up


Dan Andrews wants to be the first person in the world in history to eradicate covid-19 but he’s not going to do that its impossible we need to open up again


What did Victorians expect with Dopey Dan at the helm who is driving Victoria into a brick wall.


Victorians get out if hiding and open up victora.


I know tourism company is going after andrews as well tourism australia is not spending our tourism in via


What’s the use of having a Prime Minister if he has no seniority over Dictator Dan?


How much longer until you guys go to the polls down there? I feel for you . We’re pretty lucky up here in North Queensland


Should cut their wages like their doing to everyone else and see how much things


Melbourne AUSTRALIA- was a fantastic City ,tif…now, a broken-down ghost town full of closed or “hanging by a thread” businesses and forlorn citizens w …all thanks to a deranged flog of a Premier II and his lying, crooked minions di


If this is not dictatorship, what th


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I believe lockdowns are a form of imprisonment, so habeas corpus applies

1. Lockdowns are not quarantine.
2. Therefore they are a form of imprisonment
3. Habeas Corpus applies
How do we know that lockdowns are a form of imprisonment? As noted in my 8 October 2020 Samuel Griffith paper:
Lockdowns are not a quarantine. This is big discovery I made only yesterday while starting to read the 14 September 2020 judgement of Judge William Stickman who struck down the lockdown orders of the Governor of Pennsylvania. Basically, we quarantine sick people but lock down prisoners.

The Pennsylvania Disease Prevention and Control Law of 1955 defines quarantine in this manner:

Quarantine. The limitation of freedom of movement of persons or animals who have been exposed to a communicable disease for a period of time equal to the longest usual incubation period of the disease in such manner as to prevent effective contact with those not so exposed. Quarantine may be complete, or, as defined below, it may be modified, or it may consist merely of surveillance or segregation.

I assume a similar definition applies to Victoria. Judge William Stickman then unpacked the meaning of this:

A quarantine requires, as a threshold matter, that the person subject to the “limitation of freedom of movement” be “exposed to a communicable disease.” Moreover, critically, the duration of a quarantine is statutorily limited to “a period of time equal to the longest usual incubation period of the disease”.

The [Pennsylvania] lockdown plainly exceeded that period. Indeed, Defendants’ witnesses, particularly Ms. Boateng, conceded upon examination that the lockdown cannot be considered a quarantine.[1] (emphasis mine.)

Lockdowns are unambiguously a form of mass imprisonment.




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Notes in preparation for a paper and presentation to the Samuel Griffith society on Thursday

This is work in progress – to help me track relevant info.

Stocktake of what is going on in Victoria.

Legal protections for fundamental rights and freedoms: European Lessons for Australia? Timothy Jones

Australian Constitution

Judgement striking down lockdown in Pennsylvania.

Lockdowns are unconstitutional – list of US judgements

The HC has apparently decided to take a relevant legal case against lockdowns and banning interstate travel on constitutional grounds in November  [comment here]

TRANSCRIPT OF Robert Barnes’s talk:

What he required was a full trial and a complete record and where finally the evidence would be tested

What is the evidence in support of these lockdown provisions what is the counter evidence what does this evidence look like

Under cross-examination and what we found was there was almost no evidence at all

What the judge found was that the this was more like in his own words a theoretical white paper where you basically have the white lab coat crowd doing a live Milgram experiment on its population

As this judge noted a sort of a corporate woke virus that somehow knew the difference between church and Walmart or church in a casino yet these were the rules that were being laid down by our governors and mayors all across the country, rules that simply confounded not only common sense but constitutional sense, but  when he looked at the evidence he said there was no evidence for the lockdowns

He pointed out that in our entire American history we had never ever locked down we had never suspended all constitutional rights and liberties for any period of time anywhere for all the local population for any reason

He pointed out that in fact the evidence that could be produced by the state was weak to non-existent while the counter evidence was often overwhelming, that there was serious doubts about whether any of these “mitigation measures” mitigated anything at all

It was on that basis that he rejected their decision he noted their logic was internally contradictory externally contradictory to existing evidence

It didn’t even make sense within its own rules and it was often nothing more than a theoretical white paper being imposed on the population of Pennsylvania to their great expense and detriment

He noted that in fact there was no evidence that public gatherings of the kind that they were trying to be suspended or prohibited or assembly that was being restricted and listed as unlawful had caused any form of super spreading event that led to any mass deaths of any kind

Indeed, the only kind that that had been was the nursing home policies the governors of Pennsylvania and Michigan and New York and new jersey had done where they forced people who are sick and elderly back into the nursing home to infect the rest

But it wasn’t lawful assembly that posed any degree of health threat by any of the documented or detailed evidence yet it had been suspended throughout Pennsylvania not for days not for weeks as originally promised but for months and months and months with no end

As he pointed out a quarantine is supposed to be sick specific the person who has you have clear and convincing evidence that a particular person presents an imminent risk to other people within the community fits the same constitutional due process standards we’ve had for involuntary institutionalization of the mentally ill the same standards apply to the medically ill

These lockdown orders were not consistent with any form of public quarantine and the state would admit during the proceedings that in fact it could not meet the definition statutorily or as constitutionally permitted of a quarantine

Instead, they came to a different defense

What was their defense –  there’s no fundamental right to make a living period that was their argument and they expected a court to accept it adopt it and impose it on the rest of us that no American no Pennsylvanian in that case had any fundamental right to make a living to support their family to support themselves

Despite the fact that the right to make a living was fundamental and established as such from the very inception of our constitution and repeated as such going back to decisions from the 1800s somehow that was completely ignored and wished to be obliterated by the new democratic regime in the state of Pennsylvania

They admitted that their definition of “life-sustaining businesses” which were given an exception and an exemption from the gathering provisions and the assembly provisions had no definition at all there was no standard for it there was no policy behind it changed day to day week to week

It was like something the stasi or the polar borough would have come up with

Indeed as the court noted it failed to meet even the most basic constitutional standards of governmental action and it was for that reason that the court determined and rejected what the governor of Pennsylvania said.

He said there is indeed a right to make a living there is indeed a right to assemble and that these rights cannot be suspended in the name of an emergency they cannot be declared invalid unilaterally by the actions of the executive branch of any government

And he concluded in this way and it’s a conclusion we should all remember as we move forward in the cases that I and other lawyers will be bringing across the country in the name of this case

And this is here is his final quote “the liberties protected by the constitution are not fair-weather freedoms the constitution cannot accept a quote new normal where the basic liberties of the people can be subordinated to open-ended emergency mitigation measures the constitution sets lines and these actions cross those lines let it be so across the country”


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