Thoughts on economics and liberty

Communist Europeans averaged IQs as low as India’s. FREEDOM is therefore the main cause of IQ.

That IQ and GDP are correlated is correct. But which causes which? Here's further proof that strongly bolsters my argument that FREEDOM (hence increased income) CAUSES IQ (which is my 2008 model – also see my revised model earlier today, which has the feedback loop from increased income to IQ). True, this doesn't explain Chinese measured IQs, but that's why I've refined to include nutrition. My new model should work very well, when tested.

ALL DATA POINT UNAMBIGIOUSLY TO THE FACT THAT WHEN EUROPEAN NATIONS WERE POOR, THEIR MEASURED INTELLIGENCE WAS MUCH LOWER – comparable to what India's is today. Communism definitely made people more stupid (just as you can measure North Korean IQs today and you'll SURELY find them much lower than S.Korean).

Intelligence is just like a muscle. The more that it is used, the better it gets. With modern society demanding more use of specific forms of thinking, IQ scores are increasing worldwide. In particular, once the "Dalits" of India can be liberated from oppression by the "higher" castes, they will surely rise to the top of the world. They have qualities of character which I believe are far more important in predicting success than mere "IQ". 

Race, IQ, and Wealth:What the facts tell us about a taboo subject By Ron Unz • July 18, 2012.

Here's a summary from Reason.com.

Let’s look at Germany. Lynn and Vanhanen cited four studies that found that West German IQ scores ranged from 99 to 107, whereas East German IQs were as low as 90 back in 1967, and later studies pegged their scores at 97 to 99 points. Taking the extremes, these data imply a gap as big as 17 IQ points between West and East Germans. How to account for the rise East Germany in less than a generation of 7 to 9 points? After all, East and West Germans are not all that genetically different. Lynn’s data now show an average German IQ of 102 points.

Similarly Lynn and Vanhanen report that average Greek IQs were 88 in 1961 rising to 95 in 1979. An increase of 7 IQ points in 18 years, as Unz points out, “is an absurdity from the genetic perspective.” Some other data uncovered by Lynn and Vanhanen found that Croatians tested as low as 90; Bulgarians at 91; Romanians at 94; Poles at 92; and Southern Italians (Sicilians) at 89. Whereas Lynn and Vanhanen report that Northern Europeans—West Germans, British, Belgian, Dutch, Austrians, and Norwegians—tended to test at 100 points or above.

Consider the case of the Irish where Lynn and Vanhanen report a 1972 study that found the average IQ of Irish children was 87 points, the lowest figure anywhere in Europe. In fact, his realization that the Irish suffered from low intelligence appears to have been something of a eureka moment for Lynn. In a 2011 interview with the journal Personality and Individual Differences, Lynn said, “So I formulated the theory that the low IQ was likely a significant reason for the economic backwardness.” He added, “The solution for this problem was obvious. What was needed was a set of eugenic policies that would raise the Irish IQ.” However, Lynn forbore making his conclusions public because as he explained, “Virtually no-one supported eugenic programs any more and anyone who proposed doing so would be accused of being a Nazi.” Seems likely.

As a check on the notion of genetically fixed national IQs, Unz takes a look at how well the descendants of various immigrant groups have done in the United States. The fear that Anglo-Saxon America was being overwhelmed by the wretched refuse of Europe motivated the publication of the classic 1922 anti-immigration screed by Saturday Evening Post correspondent Kenneth Roberts, Why Europe Leaves Home: A True Account of the Reasons which Cause Central Europeans to Overrun America. As Roberts explained, “After 1880 the Nordic immigration was overwhelmed by the backward, unassimilatable, undesirable immigration from Eastern and Southern Europe.” Inspired in part by Roberts’ book, Congress passed the highly restrictive 1924 Immigration Act. Unz points out that in his 1978 book, American Ethnic Groups, Stanford University economist Thomas Sowell summarized 1920s data on average IQ scores for various Eastern and Southern European groups. Slovaks scored an average of 85; Greeks 83; Poles 85; Spaniards 78; and Italian scores ranged between 78 and 85. It is unlikely that these immigrants were drawn from the IQ elites of their homelands.

Accepting that higher IQs and higher incomes go together, Unz notes, “Americans of Greek and South Slav origins are considerably above most other American whites in both family income and educational level.” Similarly Americans who trace their ancestry back to Italy are very close to average in income and education. The descendants of the Catholic Irish immigrants, described by 19th century nativists as “low-browed and savage, groveling and bestial, lazy and wild, simian and sensual” have, as Unz observes, “within less than a century had become wealthier and better educated than the average white American, including those of ‘Old Stock’ ancestry.” Old Stock means earlier British, German, and Dutch immigrants.

Unz points out that as countries in Europe have become wealthier since World War II, their average IQ scores have risen. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development under its Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) administers every three years a test to 15-year olds in developed and some undeveloped countries. On the 2009 data, the Irish now outscore the British on reading and are very close on math and science. The Poles outscore the British on reading and math and are very close on science. Croatian reading scores are how higher than Austrian scores and very close on math and science.

Income trends clearly track these increases in test scores in the European countries identified as having low average IQs by Lynn and Vanhanen. For example, since 1970 Irish real per capita incomes (2005 dollars) increased from $11,000 to $43,000. Polish incomes are up from $3,000 to nearly $10,000; Croatian incomes rose from $4,000 to $11,000. The genetic compositions of European populations do not change much in a generation, but clearly incomes do.

Unz goes on to parse the implications for the current American immigration debate, particularly focusing on nativist concerns about millions of recent Mexican immigrants. Lynn and Vanhanen estimate the average Mexican IQ at 87 points. Recall this is the same score that Lynn and Vanhanen reported for Irish children back in 1972. Unz observes, “Mexicans and Irish seem to have the same intellectual ability, and since the Irish have generally done well in American society, there seems no particular reason to assume that Mexicans will not.”

In fact, using data from the Wordsum test in the General Social Survey (GSS) that correlates fairly well with IQ, Unz reports the IQ scores of second generation Mexican Americans have likely risen a full 10 points in the past 20 years. In addition, he notes that in 1975 only 6 percent of Hispanic students took the SAT; now 32 percent do. However, the difference between white and Hispanic scores did not widen. “Since the white/Hispanic gap remained unchanged during this tremendous broadening of the Hispanic testing pool rather than greatly widening, the only possible explanation would seem to be a huge rise in average Hispanic academic performance,” concludes Unz. Mexican Americans will assimilate as completely into American society as earlier ethnic groups have done.

CONCLUSION

I think the matter is becoming increasingly clear:

a) YES, poorer people have lower IQ.

b) NO, this is not something fixed, but a function of nutrition and FREEDOM (including dignity/respect).

I stick with my revised model which is a refinement of my 2008 model.

Let there be freedom in India, and Indian IQ will shoot to the sky.

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Sanjeev Sabhlok

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3 thoughts on “Communist Europeans averaged IQs as low as India’s. FREEDOM is therefore the main cause of IQ.
  1. A

    Interesting findings ! Would it be fair to say then that the “mind” is the seat of IQ (as opposed to the “brain”) ? Perhaps there has been an excessive focus on the “brain” and too little on the “mind” — especially by the proponents of the genetic basis theory. I would think that freedom would have an immediate effect on the mind and possibly only a longer-term effect on the underlying structures of the brain. [Of course, the mind is supported by the brain, i.e., no brain => no mind]. And whether brain evolution of a lifetime could be inherited biologically/genetically (if at all) seems unsupported to me. That the “mind” could be transmitted through acts of nurture is fairly obvious. The nature vs. nurture debate is relevant to this and mirrors the “mind” vs. brain question.

     
  2. Sanjeev Sabhlok

    Freedom (dignity) impacts both the structure of the mind (brain) and incentives to innovate (clearer mind). But in India the problem is twofold: the brain size is too small (yet) due to bad nutrition; AND the caste system insults the innate worth of Dalits others others. A lot of work will be needed to fix India’s problems.

     
  3. eaglee

    While not completely inaccurate, over all your thesis is majorly flawed.
    The highest IQ for any country is Honk Kong (China), and China sits well in the top ten (give or take a few points, different research you may see Germany a mere two points higher, despite such freedom that you speak of).

    In fact, even if I quote on of the most controversial books ever, “IQ and the wealth of nations” China still scores higher even than the USA.

    While China is run under a capitalists economy, its government is still communist, yet despite such oppression in freedom of expression, it still manages to score higher than most of Europe.

    If you take the time to look up historic data, you will see that China while homogenic only scored IQ of 85 in 1950, however currently it scores at 100. Its genetic composition is virtually the same as in 1950, yet under communism a major improvement has been noted. A similar case can be said for Cuba, which managed to bring up literacy to 100% from a few percentages before communism.

    I am not praising communism here, however I am noting that freedom is not a factor in improving IQ, it is actually a good educational system and equal opportunities (you can have the smartest guy in any country unable to afford higher education, therefore not able to improve themselves), among with a healthy prosperous economy. I don’t need to point out that a person with high school will score better in an IQ test than one with only first grade. IQ to some degree, can be learned.

    The big wall you have hit truthfully, is China. While communist still houses a big portion of the smartest people on the planet (which happens to be 1/5 of the global population too), furthermore it is a homogeneous group which has not changed much genetically probably in centuries.

     

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