Thoughts on economics and liberty

Anna Hazare should be imprisoned for up to 7 years for his crimes, based on my preliminary analysis

By now I'm 99 per cent certain that Anna Hazare is a VIOLENT CRIMINAL who should be (or should have been) in jail.

I don't say this lightly – not at all. So far my issues have been merely his methods and attitude. Not the person himself. I trusted that he was a nice man.

But he is NOT.

I expect the RULE OF LAW to be applied to everyone equally in India. As I will show below, Hazare is potentially guilty under at least four sections of the IPC for by now WELL-DOCUMENTED crimes he has committed in his village [the only issue relates to time limitations which might mean he manages to escape].

Once again, let me add that at first I was very surprised to read yesterday in a reputed newspaper, The Telegraph that this "Gandhian" had beaten Dalits for eating meat. That's BEYOND REVOLTING. IT IS TOTALLY INHUMAN – to beat people for eating something!! Where's the harm caused (even ignoring that beating anyone is a CRIME)? This was very revolting information. But I was not sure about its authenticity.

Today I found further evidence accidentally – that he used to beat "drunkards". And then, a very reliable reader on FB confirmed that he has seen Hazare admit on TV that he has beaten people.

That prompted me to do some more research.

A quick search of the internet provided a flood of information confirming this fact – that he indeed Anna Hazare a VERY VIOLENT MAN and has beaten people with his army belt (see the "addendum section" here).

("They were tied against the pole and were beaten by Anna Hazare personally. It happened to about ten to 15 people")

It appears that you can beat AT LEAST 10 TO 15 people with an army belt and become a Gandhian today! What a betrayal of Gandhi.

What's persuaded me to spend my valuable time on this matter was an INVESTIGATIVE report from The Telegraph (UK) dated 25 August 2011 also, which has RECENTLY checked the facts and confirms all these things. In particular, it says: 

"Drunkards" who broke the ban on alcohol were brought to the village square, tied to a telegraph pole covered with barbed wire and personally whipped by Mr Hazare with his canvas army belt.

To me this is VERY GRAVE matter. There is no ambiguity left now (I'm happy to be corrected if I've missed something). Anna Hazare is a VIOLENT criminal and must face the full force of the law.  

[Please read the proviso, below, though. Basically, I don't readily have the precise dates of his beatings and due to delays in lodging the report to the police, he might escape from the hands of the law]

CRIME 1: He has committed WRONGFUL RESTRAINT (Section 339 of IPC)

Whoever voluntarily obstructs any person so as to prevent that person from proceeding in any direction in which that person has right to proceed, is said wrongfully to restrain that person.

This is punishable by (up to) 1 month simple imprisionment and fine, or both

CRIME 2: He has committed WRONGFUL CONFINEMENT (Section 340 of IPC)

 Whoever wrongfully restrains any person in such a manner as to prevent that person from proceedings beyond certain circumscribing limits, is said "wrongfully to confine" that person.

This is punishable by (up to) 1 year imprisonment, or fine, or both. 

CRIME 3: He has caused HURT (Section 339 of IPC)

Whoever causes bodily pain, disease or infirmity to any person is said to cause hurt.

This is punishable by (up to) 1 year imprisonment, or fine, or both. If anyone who was beaten suffered serious injury (defined in the IPC) Hazare could have caused grievous hurt (punishable by imprisonment of up to 7 years).

CRIME 4: He has used CRIMINAL FORCE (assault and battery) (Section 350 of IPC)

Whoever intentionally uses force to any person, without that person's consent, in order to the committing of any offence, or intending by the use of such force to cause, or knowing it to be likely that by the use of such force he will cause injury, fear or annoyance to the person to whom the force is used, is said to use criminal force to that other.

This is punishable by (up to) 3 months imprisonment.


Under s.154 of the CrPC, the local police in Anna's area is now required to take cognisance of this incident should anyone print this blog post and provide a copy to them. S.154 says clearly that "personal knowledge of the informant is not necessary". It is also not necessary to mention the names of eye-witnesses. Most of these are cognisable offences.

An investigation must then be launched by the police IMMEDIATELY. This is no trifling matter – to have a "Gandhian" (fasting in front of Gandhi's picture) who has been beating people with AN ARMY BELT.

I wonder how on earth did the Government of India give him national awards!!!!

I'm willing to admit that all what I've read and come across so far could be a "conspiracy" of his enemies, and that ALL of this information is therefore false.

But I've checked from MULTIPLE sources, and there doesn't seem to be ANY scope left to doubt this analysis. Even then, I'm happy to receive feedback re: any gaps in this information/ analysis.

Indeed, please tell me if any of this is wrong – right away! – else it is MANDATORY for the police to investigate and charge him for serious crimes.

Note, let's not link this with the LP bill stuff. What he did, he should get credit for. But now it is time he should go behind the bars for his violent actions in the past.

But let us remember that corruption (s.7 Prevention of Corruption Act) is punishable with 5 years imprisonment, beating people and causing grievous harm is punishable with 7 years imprisonment. We need to keep things in perspective. Beating people is WORSE, in many ways, than corruption 


Just realised – a couple of hours after publishing the above – that time limitations might apply in this case. Further analysis has indeed shown that Section 468 of CrPC possibly provides an escape route for Anna Hazare.

(1) Except as otherwise provided elsewhere in this Code, no court, shall take cognizance of an offence of the category specified in sub-section (2), after the expiry of the period of limitation.

(2) The period of limitation shall be-

 (a) Six months, if the offence is punishable with fine only;

 (b) One year, if the offence is punishable with imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year;

 (c) Three years, if the offence is punishable with imprisonment for a term exceeding one year but not exceeding three years

Unless Anna Hazare has been beating up people in the past year, it is unlikely that most of the above offences will be recognised today. However, there is a possible crime of grievous hurt  which won't be barred because of time. 

I do understand it is going to be virtually impossible to charge Anna Hazare at this time. However, let it be known that I consider him to be a likely violent criminal, and seriously question the methods he has used in his village.



Do also read:

Two ways to reform alcoholics: 1) Beat them with a belt, or 2) Support them

Sandeep Dongre’s thoughtful analysis of the LP bill and Anna’s movement


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21 thoughts on “Anna Hazare should be imprisoned for up to 7 years for his crimes, based on my preliminary analysis
  1. Vijay Mohan

    There must be a complaint.. Sanjeev…
    No One complaints…
    Now ..on the point …  Govt of India following the Gandhi's hatred for Alcohol .. increased TAXES on alcohol drinks.. this made good quality alcohol drinks very expensive ..  over this the licenses and permit to make a drink and sell it a challenge
    Now people started preparing there own version "OF NAKLI SHRAAB".. with no quality constraints ..this is dangerous… these types of drinks are very strong .. and is responsible for so many deaths..
    The village had a very bad reputation for drunkward's corner and disputes caused after drinking .. This made Anna's way of checking the problem…
    People of the village are very happy to follow his instructions… The village has really gone out of poverty and started exports of whatever it grows..  
    But I would say . a cage of gold this village is ..    people are not free but are happy..

  2. Sanjeev Sabhlok

    Dear Vijay

    Note this is not just about alcohol, but about beating up people for eating FOOD.

    Prohibition is a really bad policy, and I can understand what might happen in consequence. But I’m sorry, Anna Hazare WAS NOT AUTHORISED by anyone to beat people. That is a pure crime under the law. No excuse.

    Yes, people might be “happy” and so on. But let Hazare use OTHER methods to teach them. Tying them on a pole and beating with army belt is A CRIME. Period. No two questions about it.


  3. Sanjeev Sabhlok

    And re: “there must be a complaint”. Anyone can lodge a complaint. There is information widely available, with names being given of those who have been beaten, or seen the beatings.

    In this case the district administration should lodge a complaint by itself, given such wide availability of information re: the crimes.

  4. Sanjeev Sabhlok

    Also, if no one lodges a complaint, that is because they have been TERRORISED. Then other laws can come into play.

    We want freedom and the rule of law in India, not "moral" terrorism.

  5. Sanjeev Sabhlok

    From Twitter:


    @malviyamit Amit Malviya sabhlok Go ahead and file a case against him.

    @sabhlok Sanjeev Sabhlok @malviyamit Anyone can print my blog post and provide to the police under CrPC

    @malviyamit Amit Malviya @sabhlok It is you who should do it since you feel so strongly about it. There is a saying in Hindi "Sandeshan Kheti Nahin Hoti".

    @sabhlok Sanjeev Sabhlok  @malviyamit I would if I could. I'm here in Australia. Someone local will have to do it. It MUST be lodged IN PERSON at the local police stn.

  6. Eknaath Nagarkar

    Most arguments put forth by Kapil Sibal and few other leaders of Congress Party happen to be repetition of those cited by the British against Mahatma Gandhi and his outlandish methods that went by a strange name satyagraha. Anna has throughout been saying Gandhiji's concept of satyagraha is to this day alive and can be tried out with success. And he has done it!

  7. Sanjeev Sabhlok

    From facebook:


    Vijay Tulshibagwale Are you jealous of his popularity? If you are so confident then file an F.I.R. and a criminal case. No one stops you from doing that.

    Sanjeev Sabhlok Vijay I'm very concerned that a person who has been beating people with belts is considered a Gandhian. I'm least jealous of a tyrant! I've got better things to do in life. I'm only concerned his village is a very bad example of the India we want.

    Re: lodging a case – that's not up to me. That's up to the local people, particularly those affected. And I now suspect he will escape because his case is likely time barred.

  8. Sanjeev Sabhlok

    From Facebook

    Aditya Upadhyay Why do u look anna from the Gandhian lense …he has adopted gandhian means to make people aware dosnt necessarily makes him Gandhi ..he is not just Gandhian he has also prasied Bhagat sing and Rajguru …he is a leader of a different class so dont judge him from Gandhian framework

    Sanjeev Sabhlok What about the HUGE picture of Gandhi in front of which he did his fast? I’m afraid he claims to be a Gandhian, so he must be judged by Gandhian philosophy.

  9. arundathi kaikini

    If you are so concerned for India, what are you doing in Australia.. Why dont you come down here and take a lead against CORRUPTION.. ( I just have a suspicion have you been bribed by any political property to defame Anna). Are you trying to shoot from other peoples shoulders.. Sir, Please come to India and take the lead against CORRUPTION and lead the whole crore population and try to generate to support please.. It needs a lot of courage and integrity to do this..

  10. Sanjeev Sabhlok

    Dear AK

    Pl. read BFN and check out FTI. Summary info here:

    Re: Anna, I think he is a deeply misguided man. You don’t beat up people to “reform” them. I didn’t know this so far. Only found out now. Having found that out, I don’t fudge the truth. You’ll always get the truth on this blog. Nothing but the truth. And no, I’m not affiliated to any political party. I’ve THOROUGHLY criticised both major parties in India since I propose to offer a MUCH BETTER alternative should the right set of leaders be found.

    No doubt it requires courage to reform India, AK. I have no shortage of courage. I have a shortage of leaders to lead the assault against misgovernance. If you are capable, then pl. consider joining FTI.

  11. nidhi

    Sanjeev are u serious ?You think if he has done such acts congress would have left him, when they were trying so hard to deal with his ways. would they leave a chance and let him reach the heights.
    i am not atall surprise if such fabricated stories are circulated about him .Have u not  seen so called swami agnivesh and sibal conversation .
    and more over what;s your problem , see the bigger picture . i fail to understand  your thought  and venom.

  12. Sanjeev Sabhlok


    On FB.

    Udaya Pant Real' revolutionary' opinion Sanjeev…one has to assess any person, thought or systems in totality..advocacy manifested in strong ways and effective ways..thats all Anna has done to act as an eye opener! The standards of liberalism and practices are miles different in countries like India, than those in the developed countries! And have the right to have your views and respect them too..(so have others:)))

    Sanjeev Sabhlok Udaya, the law is what we were taught to abide with when we joined the Academy, and although my knowledge of IPC is rusty, I think we ought to insist that the same law should apply to everyone. It is not a "developed country" law, but an Indian law. Having said that, I'm not mixing this with Anna's other (more well known) work, which is to be analysed on its own merit. 

  13. Sanjeev Sabhlok

    Dear Nidhi

    Let me assure you I was VERY ANGRY to read that Anna has been beating people with an army belt. That is third rate behaviour I wouldn’t tolerate from anyone but a big thug. Even our politicians don’t go around beating people with belts. Many are very well-read and polished.

    I was very sceptical about this, but after confirming, I’m now 99% sure that these statements TRUE. Hazare has almost certainly beaten people personally, and has created terrror in his village. You can’t wave your arms about saying that these are “fabricated” stories. I’ve provided sufficient multiple INDEPENDENT evidence. Please prove that these were fabricated. These stories have been published by investigative reporters in national and international newspapers. I will therefore believe them in the first instance (although I realise there is 1% chance they might be fabricated – but I seriously doubt it).

    I don’t really care about what outcomes he has achieved (in his village). I’m DEAD AGAINST violence being used in such manner. Violence is HEAVILY controlled in a liberal state, with its use permitted by the state under highly controlled conditions, after due process of law. And NEVER is the state authorised to beat people. Please show me ONE reference in the IPC to beating as punishment. We want a CIVILISED society in India, not medieval fiefdoms where mad monks go about burning people at the stake, as they did in medieval Europe.

    The fact that no one complained is also a concern, since that means he effectively TERRORISED the entire village. That’s exactly what a “moral” tyrant would do.

    But we want FREEDOM, not tyranny.

    No, I’m not venomous. I just like speaking the truth without worrying about what people think of me. If you like the truth, you’ll pay attention and investigate further. If you prefer to avoid the truth, you’ll wave your arms about and call me “venomous”. I’m actually a very harmless but FORTHRIGHT person. I live for my own satisfaction, not for yours. It pleases me to speak the truth. If I’m wrong, I’ll withdraw without any shame or compunction. But you must prove I’m wrong. Not just accuse me of being “venomous”.

  14. nidhi

    well you say 1% it might be fabricated .So do you have the right to use such strong words against somebody when you have doubt. for me to proof you i would not take help of links and information from newspaper but would actually visit Relegaon  myself and talk to people and dig into which may not be possible.
    There are obvious loopholes in the whole matter
    1. why did congress use this as tool to bring him down.(Manish Tewari tried in someother way)
    2. why no body has complained against him?
    My problem was your strong expression when u still have dedicated 3 blogs on the same subject. and by the way i have my own reservation about this whole movement.

  15. Sanjeev Sabhlok

    Dear Nidhi

    One must be open to being proven wrong, that is why I’m still open to retracting this blog post, and even apologising if I’m proven wrong.

    However, evidence from reputed newspapers and a reliable witness who saw Hazare admit this (beating) on TV, is sufficient – particularly given the character of giving the many ultimatums that Hazare has given to the government: indeed, is evidence beyond reasonable doubt (at least beyond “balance of probabilities”) to suggest that Hazare DID tie up and beat people (or got them beaten).

    Why nobody has complained against him?

    Let me give you an anecdote:

    Stalin at a public meeting, Krushchev was interrupted by a voice from the audience. “You were one of Stalin’s colleagues,” shouted the heckler. “Why didn’t you stop him?”

    “Who said that?” roared Khrushchev. There was an agonizing silence in the room. Nobody dared to move a muscle. Then, in a quiet voice, Khrushchev said, “Now you know why.”

    If people are ILLITERATE they won’t complain, and if they believe that they will be beaten if they complain, they won’t complain. I would imagine that both factors are at work in this case.

    Now, I may be wrong, but this is reality, that we form opinions based on reliable sources, and if something is in keeping with a person’s character.

    So far no one has said that Manmohan Singh beats people. His integrity may be suspect (because he supports a corrupt party) but he is personally a nice fellow – we all can vouch for that even though we may not have me him personally. I don’t think I feel the same about Anna Hazare now, after reading about his beatings. Would you, if it were true that he did beat people?

  16. Sam

    It is such a bad joke. The same villagers whom Anna had beaten up so badly, fasted only because he was fasting. The entire village did not take bath because he was not provided water in the Tihar Jail? Why do these people love and respect him so much. If you are really concerned about this sir, you should go to his model village, find out the people who had been beaten by him, ask them about the truth and file an FIR. You know law better and should know that it is not required that only the victim can file an FIR, you can also file an FIR as a concerned citizen of India. On proper research you will be able to find out that whatever a couple of Masala Magazines have published are not that true and the facts are distorted. There might have been an incident where a drunkard might have caught hold of a drunkard who might have tried to rape a village woman, and the villagers might have tied him to pole and hit him before handing over to the police. Media might have distorted the facts. If you think he is such a tyrant, you should expose him. Anyone's life is worth it, if he can do some good for the society. Why dont you go to Ralegan Siddi and expose him instead of defaming him online without proper knowledge of ground reality and in the absence of any evidence?

  17. Sanjeev Sabhlok

    Sam, I’m not basing my comments on “masala magazines”, but on reputed newspapers.

    Indeed, it would be useful (as proof that these are lies) if Anna Hazare lodges libel complaints IMMEDIATELY against these eminent newspaper – if they are spreading lies. My blog only reaches a few people. These newspapers reach LAKHS of people, if not tens of lakhs. I’m not in the habit of spreading untruths, but in this case is is clear that Anna Hazare has almost certainly been involved in personally beating illiterate poor villagers.

  18. Afzaal Ameer

    This is absolutely true , it is not respect but fear that refrains them from filing an FIR ! And @Mr Sanjeev my personal  viewpoint : let them adore Anna , because truth finally unveils some day, reality doesn't change by closing our eyes ! So its better ignore Anna for your own good ! Stay safe in Australia !
    In the hands of Anna India is going to suffer ! He just mocks at Gandhi, misuses his name and even Bhagat Singhs. The person who voluntarily retire from such a crucial service is called Gaandhi here! Poor indian public !

  19. Paresh

    Sir,When you started believing newpapers.These are just puppets in hands of certain political parties.

  20. Sanjeev Sabhlok

    Dear Paresh

    I’m not referring to newspapers but to reports of STUDIES conducted in his village, and not just by one but by two independent sources. The independent reports have been published both in India and abroad.

    So far Anna Hazare has denied these news reports. Instead I have heard him personally – on Youtube – praising Shivaji for cutting off people’s hands (see this:

    The case is open and shut. There is no doubt in my mind that Anna Hazare HAS tied people and whipped them with a belt either directly or through others. The injury so caused could be very grievous. Don’t know. That is why the title of this particular blog post.

    Note that this does not detract from his anti-corruption work.



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