22nd November 2019
The Vedic religion came to India after the Indus Valley’s decline – this article is the best proof to date. Extracts:
“The steppe pastoralists came later”. Their genepool is “almost ubiquitous in all modern-day South Asians and in hundreds of samples that we have from the Swat Valley, just a thousand years after the Rakhigarhi sample”
“The second line of evidence is from the 110 samples that we have from the Swat valley in the far northwest of the region. All of those samples have a proportion of steppe ancestry and we can directly date when that steppe ancestry arrived in the genomes of those individuals using a statistical technique. And when we do that, we also obtain a date that’s very consistent with what we are directly observing from the movement of people where we actually have ancient DNA of steppe pastoralists as they move south. Taken together, we make an estimate as to when this process happened.
“we can track the movement of this ancestry into the periphery of South Asia only around 2000 BC—that’s the first line of evidence”
“What is the degree of genetic contribution from steppe pastoralist in modern Indians?
VN: It is a maximum of around twenty percent.”
“Could this degree of contribution have been the result of a small band of people arriving into the subcontinent?
VN: It is not possible. It is likely to have been a large number of people”
“t the spread of languages, at least in pre-state societies, must have occurred due to movements of substantial numbers of people.”
“the individuals who are speaking Indo European languages are also enriched for steppe-pastoralist ancestry.”
17th November 2019
A few years ago my mother, Adarsh Sabhlok has taken up painting as a hobby . Here are some results.
16th November 2019
This was news to me, that Godse had tried to kill Gandhi in 1944. I might have read it somewhere in the past but it clearly did not stick in my head.
I confirmed this is true: “Bhilare prevented one of the six assassination attempts on the Mahatma made by Godse”. (Source)
“Godse was arrested for attacking Gandhi with a knife at Panchgani near Pune in 1944” (Source)
Further, “Four years before Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated, Nathuram Godse, the man who would shoot him three times in Delhi, tried to attack him with a knife.” (Source)
It turns out that Teesta Setalvad has written a book on the assassination attempts on Gandhi: Beyond Doubt (2015).
I’ve extracted three murder attempts from Google books:
- Godse’s first attempt on Gandhi’s life
2. Godse’s second attempt
3. Godse’s third attempt (could have been his fourth). His final attempt, of course, succeeded.
13th November 2019
This is an empirical question.
The following chart was sent to me:
In response to this chart I received the following questions/comments:
1) यह आकडे 2016 से पहले के हैं, 2016 के बाद National Crime Records Bureau ने किसान आत्महत्या का अलग रेकॉर्ड करना बंद करा दिया हैं। 16 के बाद के आकडे शायद अलग निष्कर्ष देंगे।
2) कुल आत्महत्या के संदर्भ में यह विश्लेषण किया हैं, व्यावसायिको का तुलनात्मक अभ्यास करने पर किसान आत्महत्या की गंभीरता समझ में आयेगी। उदा. कितने कारखानदार सुसाईड करते हैं और कितने किसान
3) महिला और किसान की आत्महत्या की गुणात्मकता भिन्न हैं।
4) सरकारीकरण के कारण यदी एक भी आत्महत्या होती हैं, तब भी यह बात सबसे अधिक गंभीर बात माननी चाहीये।
The first three relate to data, the last one is a very valid point that everyone can support.
I got the data-related questions checked by this authentic source. The response:
This report ( data for 2016) was released by GOI only last week. Our slide [does not] show old data. The 2017, 18 data is not yet available.
When we say suicides in farming sector, it includes both farmers and farm labourers. Both men and women. It is meaningless, in our opinion, to qualify the suicides as committed by men, women, farmers, and farm labourers.
Farmers suicides had slightly declined in 2016, compared to 2015. And farm labourers suicides has slightly increased. So what? The total suicides in the farming sector is on steady decline. That’s the core message.
So we must agree that the analysis in the above slides is correct. Anyone interested can download and read this original report by the Government of India.
Even a single suicide is a matter of concern – one suicide too many. Data, however, are important. We need to accept that not all farmer suicides are caused by socialist misgovernance/ anti-farmer laws. However, changing laws that could potentially be a cause of such suicides is an important task at hand.