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Category: Politics

The myth that Gurgaon is a “private city”

Someone shared with me the following article: Lessons from Gurgaon, India’s
private city by Shruti Rajagopalan and Alexander Tabarrok.

I was seriously disappointed with the article.

I’m used to Alex Taborrok’s promotion of corruption and crony capitalism (e.g. see my post here), but this article promotes both corruption/crony capitalism AND coercive acquisition of land for private purposes (i.e. acquisition of property at gun point).

The Land Acquisition Act of 1894 allows the federal and state governments to acquire land through the power of eminent domain for ‘any public purpose or for a company’ under Section 4(1). Similar provisions exist in the recently introduced Land Acquisition Act of 2013. Likewise, a private company is exempt from the restrictions of the Land Acquisition Act and permitted to acquire land if licensed by the state government. In Haryana, the legislature passed several laws to enable large-scale land acquisition for private firms to develop townships.

It is surprising that the coercive and crony capitalist nature of the land acquisition process has been glossed over in this article. The SUPER-CORRUPT Haryana Urban Development Authority is praised for its “single window clearance”.

Land acquisition for PRIVATE use is theft of property from one citizen for the private benefit of another. It is the complete opposite of voluntarism and markets, of private enterprise, of Coasean bargains.

And in this nightmare of MEGA-corruption and theft of public property, there is some “development” in Gurgaon.

So now it is called a “private city!”

What a complete distortion of the meaning of the term.

I will, separately, put out some findings/ thoughts in relation to private cities, but for now I want to make clear that Gurgaon IS NOT A PRIVATE CITY. Gurgaon is the outcome of an extremely coercive socialist and crony captalist state. A state that fails to perform fundamental functions including the defence of property rights.

I have a long and very old relationship with Gurgaon, having first visited it in the 1960s when I was a child and the place was little more than a village. I spent some time in Gurgaon in the early 1980s when I was Assistant Commissioner in Haryana, visiting various parts of the district. My father owns a small property in Gurgaon since the early 1990s and I have visited it on innumerable occasions.

I know precisely how Gurgaon works.

And it is NOT a private city in any sense of the word. Let’s be very clear about that.

Jamshedpur, however, started out as a genuine private city.

But a real private city would be something on the lines being attempted in Honduras by Michael Strong. It would have a set of complete and functional institutions that work.


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FURTHER proof that BJP is a corrupt, black money party

I’ve already elaborated on various proofs regarding BJP’s and Modi’s corruption. Proofs re: Modi’s corruption are abundant.

And Ramdev directly acknowledged (on a mike) that BJP uses black money in elections.

MLA Gyan Dev Ahuja of BJP has provided further proof.

while responding to a question on whether politicians were offered black money. “I said yes, all the time. But when it is offered to me, I don’t use it personally. People who offer it ask whether they should donate it to the party, but I tell them the party has enough funds,” Ahuja told The Sunday Express. [Source]


So much for the drama that Modi will “bring back” black money.

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Modi, the king of corruption and black money – compilation of leads and proofs

Someone asked me for proof about why I think Modi is corrupt. Seriously corrupt. He practices large scale back-end corruption, not retail corruption. Having said that, he FULLY ENCOURAGES corruption in the judiciary and police when it comes to matters related to his RSS goons.

Note, none of this means that Congress is not corrupt. Or that AAP is honest. ALL socialist parties are fundamentally dishonest.

Here are some of my proofs. These are just the tip of the iceberg. Cash donations to BJP are another major source of corruption. He did not even think it was odd that someone was giving him a massively expensive suit. He takes (and gives) bribes without batting an eye. He has ABSOLUTELY no morals. And we know that he made this huge issue about getting black money from India, but BJP (including Ramdev) used/ supported vast amounts of black money in the 2014 elections.

Where there is so much smoke, there must be vast quantities of fire. No one could allege, even remotely, that Gandhi was corrupt. But Modi has faced charges of corruption right through his life. And he belongs to BJP, one of the world’s most corrupt parties. What other proof is needed?

Inconvenient truth: “corruption has crossed its limits in Gujarat” (my 2011 post)

Further evidence of Modi’s mega-corruption – on the sly. How crores of public funds were skimmed in his time as CM (including details of the Krishna-Godavari basin scam)

Modi bribed Gujarat High Court judges with land worth Rs.1 lakh per sq.m. which he have them for Rs.5000 per sq.m.

From speculation about corruption to 99 per cent proof of corruption: Modi’s suit was a gift.

Watching brief on the Adani Group – money laundering, environmental damage, etc.

Modi, how much corruption (or taxpayer money) has funded your seven lakh FAKE twitter followers?




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Ishrat Jahan was definitely killed in cold blood

The Ishrat Jahan case has exercised some of my attention recently.

I have focused at this stage PURELY on a single question: whether the “encounter” on 15 June 2004 was real or fake. The question for us as citizens is whether police is doing the job it is charged with: of implementing the law. Police have NO AUTHORITY to kill people in their custody, no matter if these prisoners are terrorists.

Based on around eight hours of detailed research and analysis, I am able to conclude beyond reasonable doubt that the “encounter” on 15 June 2014 was staged, i.e. fake. All persons killed (in a sequence sketched out below) had been in police custody PRIOR to the “encounter”.

If I was a juror, I’d convict the participants in the “encounter” for murder. In my view, Vanzara and his gang are guilty of murder and must be tried and jailed.

I also believe that Modi is implicated. But like in all other cases, he will wiggle away and escape, since he has hidden his hand very carefully from public sight. Only circumstantial evidence (quite significant quantities of it) points towards him. He would get away in the court of law because of the great difficulty of establishing a direct link between him to this and many other similar crimes. But in the court of public opinion, he remains forever tarred with suspicion.

Was Ishrat a terrorist? Almost certainly No. But that’s not what I have examined. There is too much information I need to seek and review, and I’ve got no time for that.

The proper way to examine whether she was innocent or guilty was to have the Gujarat government try her in court. But she was killed by those who are sworn to protect the citizens of India. She will never get a chance to plead or prove her innocence. That is a heinous crime: to deprive citizens of India a chance to prove their innocence.


Strong history of fake encounters in Gujarat

The killing took place on 15 June 2004.

17 June 2004: Initial views of Ishrat’s mother, her neighbours, and the Marashtra police

18 June 2004: what her neighbours and those who knew her said.

On 19 June 2004, Ishrat Jahan’s mother vigorously contests Vanzara’s claim that Ishrat was a terrorist.

Police misbehaved and no postmortem report was provided to Ishrat’s mother. [“Ishrat’s mother was grilled for over two hours by police. Finally, when we went to collect her body from the civil hospital, they refused to give us the post-mortem report. It was only after the NCP MLC, Jitendra Avhad, from Maharashtra called the police and intervened, that they said they would give it to us 15 days later,” he added.’]

On 20 June 2004, Ishrat’s public funeral took place in Thane district

PUCL report of an inquiry on 24 June 2004 (Source)

1 July 2004: Rediff asks questions re: the Ishrat Jahan case (this report supports the Police)

14 July 2004: LeT mouthpiece claims Ishrat was an activist of LeT

8 September 2009: Report of the magistrate, SP Tamang

10 September 2009: Gujarat High Court “stays” the Tamang report on procedural grounds.

July 2013: CBI file chargesheet [the full chargesheet below] (Ishrat Jehan _ First CBI Charge-sheet by Firstpost). PDF extract published by Tehelka.

The Abduction of Javed-Ishrat by Mukul Sinha. Some of the best analyses of the detailed evidence in this case is on Truth of Gujarat’s website. e.g. here. I have not time to pursue in great depth, so I’m ending my research here, based on eight hours of work.

The Police description of the encounter in the FIR lodged on 15 June 2004, the day of the killings

Incestuous FIR

An FIR on a plain paper has been filed by PI, Crime Branch J.G. Parmar and recorded by APC, Crime Branch, G. L. Singhal who himself led one of the police teams in the encounter. No FIR has been lodged with the local area police station where the killings took place. This is the normal procedure recommended by the NHRC. [Source]

Contents of the FIR

An FIR was lodged with the Crime Branch police station on 15 June 2004, on a plain paper by the complainant P.I. J.G. Parmar in the presence of ACP, Crime Branch, G.L. Singhal, both of whom were involved in the incident. The FIR states that at 11 p.m. on 14.6.2004 the Joint Police Commissioner P.P. Pandey received information through ‘his private sources’ that that a blue Indica carrying the terrorists had left Mumbai with arms and ammunition.

Six police teams were then immediately stationed at Narol cross roads, CTM cross roads, Naroda S.T. workshop, Naroda -Himatnagar railway crossing, Indira bridge circle and Vishala circle in anticipation of the vehicle carrying the terrorists. The Narol team saw the Indica car entering the city and proceed towards Naroda road at about 4 a.m. and gave it a chase. The police teams stationed at various places were contacted on wireless and two police teams decided to intercept the Indica on the deserted stretch of a road with a sharp bend near Kotarpur Water works which connects the national highway and Indira bridge leading to Gandhinagar.

They did so by forcing the car to halt by shooting at its rear tyres. According to the police one of the terrorists got out of the car and opened fire from an AK 56 rifle, while others fired from inside the car. But before that the driver, the ACP, the PSI, and the commando of the police van chasing the car got down and immediately positioned themselves behind the police van and began firing from AK 47 rifle in self defence and fired 10 rounds. In the meantime when it ‘became certain that these were the same dreaded terrorists’ the ACP Dr. Amin ordered the commandos ‘to fire at the terrorists’ and 32 rounds from AK 47 and 10 rounds from the stengun were fired at the terrorist stationed near the divider and several rounds from their service revolvers at those inside the car. Firing continued from both sides for some time. After some time when the firing stopped from the other side, the police found the terrorist stationed near the road divider and three terrorists seated in the car, including ‘a woman terrorist’ dead on the spot.

The Press Note issued by the police states that ACP Dr. Narendra Amin who was at Naroda Chowkadi saw the blue Indica car and followed it. When it took turn towards airport road from Naroda- Himmatnagar Railway crossing, he asked ACP Singhal to intercept the car from the front and alerted all other police parties. Accordingly Singhal came to a turn near Kotarpur Water works and took position along with his team. It is the ACP Amin who was following the Indica in a Gypsy ordered his commando to fire at the tyre of the car to halt it. After the Indica came to halt, one terrorist sitting on left side came out of the car and fired at the Gypsy. Police fired 10 rounds in self-defence. After confirming the identity of the car, Amin ordered his commandoes to fire. The press note gives the count of rounds and the names of police personnel who fired them. In all 70 rounds were fired from the police side; 32 from AK 47, 10 from sten gun, and 18 from service revolvers. As against that the terrorists fired 35 rounds from AK 56 rifle and 7 rounds from 2 pistols. Going by the press note, the police firing at Indica has entirely taken place form the rear side of Indica and by Amin’s team.

The encounter took place near the Kotarpur Water Works at around 4.30 a.m. and lasted for nearly half an hour.


Two of the slain terrorists, Jishan Johar and Amjadali Akbarali Rana are said to be Pakistanis. Of the remaining two, Javed hailed from Pune and Ishrat Jehan Shaikh from Mumbra.

The FIR states that the accused who were the Pakistani fidayeen terrorists who had entered India without any proper document, equipped with arms and ammunition, with an intention of killing chief minister Narendra Modi, had opened fire on the police party which had gone to arrest them and therefore they should all be tried under 3(2)(a),(c) 13, 14, of The Foreigners Act, IPC 120B, 121, 121A, 123, 307, 353, 186, Arms Act 25(1( A, 27, 29 and the prevention of Terrorist Act 3(1),(a)(b), 3(2), 3(3), 20, 21 and B.P. Act 135(1).

The police claim that one AK 56 gun; three magazines with 81 bullets, one empty magazine, two pistols, a satellite phone, cash worth 2.06 lakh, and two mobile phones were recovered from the alleged terrorists. A number of coconuts dipped in some chemicals along with 20 kg packets of explosive powder which according to police inference were planned to be used for producing an improvised explosive device (IED) were also stored in the Indica. Interestingly, Urdu literature which the crime branch says is meant to teach the fidayeen the act of manufacturing IED was also recovered. [Source]

Another version of the story has the initial FIR not mentioning Ishrat Jahan

In the first FIR following the encounter, the police claimed that three persons — Amjad Ali Rana, Zeeshan Johar, Javed Sheikh (Pranesh Pillai) — tasked with a terror mission came to Ahmedabad where their car was intercepted by the police, following which they started firing at the police and got killed in retaliatory firing. Interestingly, the first FIR does not name the 19-year old Mumbra girl, Ishrat Jahan, who was also killed in that shootout. [Source]


I’ve compiled all the photos I could find, here. To me the biggest give away is that there are no detailed photos of the ACTUAL crime scene, the insides of the car, the environment. EVERYTHING COVERED UP ASAP. It is quite simple to make deductions from clear photos, but there are none. There are photos AFTER the bodies have been moved, and that too, these are very few. The fact that the actual “encounter” scene was rapidly moved around by the police, itself displays malafide.

Summary indictment, after years of analysis by official agencies

The probe, first by the SIT and then by the CBI, revealed that the deceased had been in the custody of the police and the IB; that they were brought together at the spot before the encounter; and, that the weapons recovered from them were planted by the policemen, who allegedly procured them from the IB officials. [Source]

The same place had seen a similar “encounter” recently.

encounter death of Latif, which had struck the headlines, had also happened in this area and that the desolateness of the area made it a suitable place for fake encounters. Also all the encounter killings have taken place in the early morning, in the dark, when no witnesses, except for the policemen, are present. [Source]

[Sanjeev: It is simply impossible for “encounters” to happen at same place AND the same time – early morning. This points to a habit of the police to use this place to kill people in cold blood.]

Amazing that the same police people seem to be shot at by terrorists!!

”No prizes for guessing who starred in Tuesday’s dramatic chase cum encounter. You got it – Barot, Parmar,Vaghela and Goswami, who is now an inspector”. The involvement of the same police personnel in all the encounters might be accidental according to officials but leaves everyone else bewildered.” [Source]

[Sanjeev: Same time, same place, SAME PEOPLE…]

These fantastic police personnel NEVER GOT INJURED THEMSELVES!

This incident falls well within the pattern formed by the earlier such incidents inasmuch as police encounter always takes place at a desolate spot in the wee hours when there will be no possibility of any independent verification; police always firing in self defence and landing up killing all the terrorists but not getting a scratch in return. [Source]

Such an encounter had widely been anticipated

When the Ahmedabad crime branch gunned down four alleged LeT militants in the wee hours of Tuesday not many were surprised. A word had begun doing the rounds since a fortnight that the crime branch had something up its sleeve. The rumours got stronger last week although crime branch JCP, P.P. Pandey persistently denied having any persons in custody and laughed off rumours of his sleuths pulling off something spectacular [Source]

[Sanjeev: So, those in the ‘know’ already knew. Clearly, the evidence was not received at 11 pm on 14 June 2004, as claimed by the police.]

Clear evidence of pre-planning by Vanzara

Singhal’s statement is damning.  Read it here. First hand evidence of pre-drafting of the FIR, etc.

The plan that was drawn up by Rajinder Kumar and Vanzara was to use their informers and/or decoys to abduct at least two Kashmiri youth having some link with underground militants, bring them over to Gujarat and stage an encounter to make it appear that the terrorist had come to Gujarat to kill the Chief minister. [Source]

Mumbai Police had no clue about this terrorist car

Indian Express, (Vadodara edition) 16 June 2004 reported, JCP, Mumbai Satyapal Singh expressing doubt about the incident: “Were they (the terrorists) from Mumbai? We did not have any information. They should have informed us. We are trying to identify the woman and also the owner of the car, who they say has a Mumbai connection.” [Source]

Police decided that the two were Pakistani operatives because no one claimed their bodies within a few hours of the incident

When Mr. Pandey was asked what proof he had to determine their Pakistani identity, he stated that nobody had claimed their bodies so far, whereas the other two bodies [of Javed and Ishrat] were claimed by their relatives. When it was pointed out to him that since no photographs of them were flashed either in news papers or on television, and since a large population of India stayed in far off villages where news hardly reached, he added that he had given orders to the Information department to flash their pictures and the process had started which would of course take some time and cost 15 to 20 lakh rupees! [Source]

[Sanjeev: This is the biggest give away. There were no photos of these people, no other evidence that the Police could offer, but WITHIN HOURS of the killing, the police apparently knew these were Pakistani operatives.]

The police decided the ID card was false, within hours

According to the JPC, Crime Branch, P.P. Pandey, one of the slain Pakistanis, Jishan Johar had an identity card issued by the executive magistrate of Mahore in Udhampur district but he did not believe he was a bonafide Indian Kashmiri. [Source]

[Sanjeev: One more give away. How could the police CONFIRM within hours of the killing that the identity card was false? Clearly, they had these guys long before the actual encounter date, in their custody.]

The police recognised the people in darkness, without having any photographs

Mr. P.P. Pandey that ”although there are no photographs of the accused we had got detailed description of the accused”? (TOI, ahmedabad dated 16.06.2004). [Source]

[Sanjeev: Here’s the beauty of the thing: the police knew these people perfectly, including their aliases, etc. within “hours” of shooting them down.]

Police did not suffer ANY injury nor did their vehicle suffer any significant damage

The police attribute no injury to policemen during the encounter to their taking shelter behind the police Gypsy. Considering that there was heavy firing from both sides according to the police, and that too in the dark, surely some stray firing would have left some marks. Again, according to the media reports (Indian Express, 16/06/04) the Gypsy suffered only minor damage (11 bullet holes on one side) while the Indica car in which the terrorists traveled had its rear side windscreen and the two windscreens on one side completely smashed. Besides it was riddled with several bullet marks all over. In the pictures released by the media too the blue Indica car, which had its rear side smashed, was shown more frequently. The Police Gypsy that is supposed to have got bullet holes was not shown. [Source]

[Sanjeev: This is perfectly consistent with this being a fake “encounter”. NO real encounter would have led to the police escaping without ANY injury, particularly when a powerful weapon – AK56 –  was allegedly used by the “terrorists”.]

If these people really wanted to kill Modi, and such attempts were repeatedly happening, why not arrest them first?

The obvious question that arises in the present context is as to why the Gujarat Crime Branch in spite of this earlier experience made no attempt to apprehend at least some of the ‘terrorists’ who were on their mission to kill Modi, rather than eliminating all of them.

[Sanjeev: The Gujarat police repeatedly made claims that Modi was being personally targeted, but in each case they first killed the alleged conspirator, thereby sabotaging the prospect of acquiring evidence. Not believable.]

Most bullets were fired at close range

Gujarat Police’s claim was that they were firing from the side of the road in a lying position. [Source]

Shri Singhal’s team (66 feet away) was positioned in depressed land and Shri Amin’s team (33 feet away) had taken lying position behind the Maruti Gypsy. If at all, the bulk of police firing was from these positions, the firing trajectories from such positions on the Indica car would have an upward angle. [Source]


there is only one entry hole in the Indica car with an upward trajectory and that bullet could not have hit any of the occupants [Source]

all exit holes show downward trajectories, indicating close range fire. [Source]

All other bullet entry holes on the Indica car show downwardly inclined trajectories at 5 to 10 degrees downward angle, which are possible only from a position much near the Indica car. [Source]


Key weapon used by the Police was hidden from official records

The Gujarat Police used 9 mm cartridges from an unidentified gun during the encounter but police did not record this in the initial forensic report. Verma searched FSL in Ahmedabad and found a hidden hard disk which had photos showing empty 9 mm cartridges at the encounter spotA 9 mm bullet that the police claimed to have recovered from Amjad’s (also known as Salim) body and another 9 mm bullet found from Ishrat’s clothes did not match the police’s encounter weapons. [Source]

“Twisted parts of 9mm caliber bullets recovered from the body of deceased Ishrat Jahan do not match with any police weapon purportedly used during the incident.”[Source]

The AK-56 magazines “found” inside the Indica are spotlessly shiny and clean, compared with the blood splattered everywhere else in the car.



Note how this planted pistol has absolutely no drop of blood on it. Spick and span! Even while removing bleeding bodies, there’s no trace of blood. Clearly planted.

[Sanjeev: This is a huge give away – of the weapon/s being planted after the “encounter”. But note that the blood on the floor of the back seat doesn’t look fresh at all. It looks really old, at least 12 hours old. That’s because these people were killed well before midnight. ]

But look at Javed’s chappal, as well. The man received 14 bullet injuries but not a drop of blood on his chappal OR THE DRIVER’S SEAT


[Sanjeev: this shows that Javed was first killed in the front passenger seat prior to midnight; the car was then driven to the “encounter” spot, and then Javed’s body was placed on the driver seat. It is IMPOSSIBLE for someone to receive 14 bullets and the seat and his chappal to be spotlessly clean.]

Cartridge “found” inside the car doesn’t match the pistol

You note a cartridge in the picture above. BUT –

cartridges that were planted along with the gun did not match the make of the gun. [Source]

Lack of fingerprint analysis


I could not find any reference to finger print analysis of the weapons. This is a deliberate oversight. 

Lack of DNA analysis

I could not find any reference to DNA analysis of the blood found at the scene. This is one more deliberate oversight. I bet if DNA is tested, it will be found that a flood of Javed’s blood is predominantly found on the front passenger seat, not Ishrat’s (who was presumably sitting there).

Hand of one of the “killers” (Rana) made to hold the magazine of the gun

He appears to be holding the magazine of his AK56 [Source]

The following picture shows the dead body of Amjad Ali on whom AK-56 was planted after his body was dragged in front of the Indica Car. [Source]


[Sanjeev: What was the need for the police to put the AK-56 on this man AFTER his body was dragged into a neat row of bodies along with other previously killed dead bodies? We want to know exactly how he looked when he died after the “encounter”. There is no such picture available. ALL PLANTED.]

Three of the four “killers” were found inside the car, in various seated positions

Isharat (in the front) was killed in her sitting position with Javed (in the driver’s seat) on her lap. [Source]

The terrorist seated on the LEFT in the back seat, got out and went to the right of the Indica, and was killed there (with his hand on the magazine)

The terrorist seated on the RIGHT of the back seat, kept sitting inside the car. Did not get out along with his colleague from the left (who had gone to the right of the car).

[Sanjeev: Ha, ha! So this is how the “trained” terrorists behave: they keep sitting inside the car, waiting to be killed. How convenient for Indian police – this incompetence of the Pakistani terrorist training system!]

Ishrat Jahan’s diary had apparently the code names of VIP targets AND their full names

The same report also points out that the claims of having the names of all VIP targets and their code names in the diary when they were allegedly on an assassination mission also appear strange. The report remarks: “…. And when code names for targets are used why is their equivalent full name carried in the same diary?”. The police always finding diaries on the bodies of slain terrorists, who are supposed to be on dangerous mission like killing VIPs, with their biographical details in order to back justify their action. [Source]

[Sanjeev: This diary has no longer been used in evidence anywhere. Why not? If the diary had such vital clues, why not use it to the full? And why would anyone write the code AND the full names?]

No formal inquiries till at least 10 days after the incident

There has been no charge sheet filed, no inquest report, and no statements of witnesses in this case till date. If indeed they have found convincing evidence to prove that the slain were terrorists they could be transparent about it at least in passing it on to the forensic department, which hasn’t been done in this case. [Source]

[Sanjeev: We also see later that they did not provide the post mortem report of Ishrat Jahan to her mother. A complete shambles: typical of ALL Modi government cover-ups.]

Fake inquiry by the Crime Branch, that was ripped into shreds by SIT 

The SIT found major loopholes in the Crime Branch probe of 2004 that was conducted by ACP (Women’s Cell) Parikshita Rathod. When Rathod had written to the sub-divisional magistrate for permission for an inquest, she mentioned the aliases of the four who were killed. The SIT noted that their aliases could not have been known before the custodial interrogation or identification. Besides, the Crime Branch hadn’t done a forensic examination of the weapons of the police officers involved nor were the logbooks of the police vehicles checked. During its probe, the SIT found no evidence of some police vehicles that the force claimed were used in the encounter. [Source]

[Sanjeev: SIT’s observations show how badly the formal processes were conducted in this case – and the lack of independent inquiry.]

Ishrat killed in the neck, Javed on the temple

One person who had seen the dead bodies said that Ishrat had been fired on the neck and Javed on the temple. This could have been possible only with close range firing. Amajadali Akbarali alias Salim who had supposedly stepped out of the car, had sustained 20 to 25 bullet injuries. [Source]

Javed who was in the driver’s seat took 14 bullets, the entry wounds being on his left side, Ishrat took only 4 of which 2 were on the right side of the neck. [Source – this particular one is authentic information]

while Javed (the body next to Ishrat) is soaked in blood, Ishrat’s is not. This can never happen if she was sitting next to him in the car and police fired as per the police story in the FIR. [Source]

[Sanjeev: It is clear that Javed and two Pakistani terrorists were shot at one go in the car – well before the actual “encounter”.  Some additional bullets were sprayed on them later. Ishrat had been shot separately as well – earlier – and her dead body was LATER put inside the car, after the police had finished firing their close range bullets into the dead bodies of the three men. This suggests that the car was DRIVEN from the original place of killing, with Javed’s body on the passenger’s seat adjacent to the driver’s seat. The police driver then got out, Javed’s body was shifted to the driver’s seat, a few extra bullets sprayed into the car, then Ishrat’s body was added to the passenger seat adjacent to the driver’s seat].

Within minutes of the “encounter”, the police disrupted the crime scene and laid out bodies outside the car in a row

By 7.30 a.m. all the four dead bodies were displayed on the road, near the Indica. [Source]

[Sanjeev: According to the people, the “encounter” did not start from 4:30 am but from 6 am. But by 7:30 am the police had DESTROYED CRITICAL evidence by removing the bodies from the car!! HOW VERY CONVENIENT.]

Clear proof that the two Pakistani operatives who were killed had been arrested long before the encounter date


confidential reports prepared by Singhal during this period indicated that two of those killed were already in police custody before the encounter. [Source]


in the last week of April 2004, Jishan Johar (deceased) on his arrival at Ahmedabad was taken into illegal custody by a joint team of accused Gujarat Police officers and SIB officers of Ahmedabad consisting of GL Singhal, Rajinder Kumar. Thereafter Jishan Johar was confined at house no. 164/165 in Gota Housing, near Vaishno Devi Crossing, off SG Highway, Ahmedabad and was put under audio-tap by Rajeev Wankhede, MK Sinha & T Mittal the SIB officers and the surveillance was maintained by CJ Goswami PSI, PG Waghela PSI, Hanubha Narsinh Dodiya HC and Zahir Ahmed PC.  [Source]

AMJADALI RANA (also known as SALIM)

on 26.05.2004, a team of DCB, Ahmedabad City, comprising of accused NK Amin, Tarun Barot and IK Chauhan with the assistance of Shri MK Sinha and Rajeev Wankhede, ACIOs of SIB, Ahmedabad abducted the deceased Amjadali from Gota Crossing on the outskirts of Ahmedabad. Investigation revealed that the above team of accused officers after abducting the deceased Amjadali, confined him in illegal custody at Arham Farm House from 26 May 2004 to 15 June 2004 early morning… [Source]

“on May 26, 2004, a team of Gujarat Police, comprising of accused police officials N K Amin, Tarun Barot, I K Chauhan, and two officials of subsidiary Intelligence Bureau (IB) M K Sinha and Rajeev Wankhede abducted Amjad Ali from Gota, crossing the outskirts of Ahmedabad. Investigation revealed the above team of accused officers kept him in illegal custody at Arhan farmhouse from May 26, 2004, to the early hours of June 15, 2004, the chargesheet states. Subsequently, DIG D G Vanzara, N K Amin, G L Singhal and joint director of subsidiary IB Rajinder Kumar met Amjad Ali at the farmhouse during his confinement. Amjad Ali Rana, Ishrat Jehan, Javed Shaikh alias Pranesh Pillai, and Zeeshan Johar were brought to a spot on the highway between Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar at 5 am on June 15 and killed in an ‘encounter’.” [Source]

[Sanjeev: CBI thought the time of killing was 5 am. Tamang said the killings took place earlier. This shows a TOTALLY SCREWED UP FORENSICS SYSTEM IN GUJARAT POLICE – the total lack of authentic post mortem and other such basic procedures.]

AK56 was planted – it was provided by the IB

“In an attempt to give the encounter credibility, crime branch commando Mohan Kalasawa allegedly fired from AK-56 automatic assault rifle, which was said to be provided by subsidiary intelligence bureau — an unit of Intelligence Bureau, at the official Gypsy of police, CBI sources said, adding these details have been included in their chargesheet. They said they have given in chargesheet how this AK-56 was procured by the crime branch and later planted on Amjad Ali Rana who was killed along with Ishrat and two others on June 15, 2004.” [Source – CBI report]


On 14.06.2004 morning, I had left Arham Farm to meet Shri Singhal for some work. Shri Singhal had asked me to come to him to the SIB office, bungalow no. 31, Shahibaug. We had reached there around 10:00 AM. Shri Rajinder Kumar [CHIEF OF SIB] had met Shri Singhal there in his office and he had handed over a AK 56 rifle, ammunition, magazines, two pistols and its ammunition to Shri Singhal in a bag. [Source]

Pattern of bullets NOT consistent with an encounter, but with deliberate murder

During the reconstruction of the encounter, the CBI studied the pattern of firing. According to the SIT, some of the wounds on the bodies could not have been possible if there was an exchange of fire.

According to the police theory, Amin’s Gypsy had stopped behind Ishrat’s car. While the Gypsy was on the left side of the lane, Ishrat’s car was on the right side of the lane, near the divider. Though police claimed that the rear left wheel of Ishrat’s car was at a distance of 33 feet from the Gypsy, the road itself was only 25 feet wide. The other team led by Singhal, which had reportedly positioned itself in the roadside bushes on the left side of the lane, was, according to the police, 66 feet away from Ishrat’s car. The SIT found that from this position, the policemen could not have hit Ishrat and Javed on their neck. This could only have been done from close range. The police barricades, which found a mention in the police FIR, were later found to be a cover-up for the encounter. [Source]

[Sanjeev: This is FURTHER rock solid proof of this being cold-blooded murder.]

Why did Ishrat Jahan carry her ID card on her neck?

Dealing with Ishrat’s inquest, Panchnama of Ishrat Jahan, Tamang noted, “At page No. 292 of the File No.1, it is mentioned that ‘she had put on identity card on neck and the said identity card was found beneath her dress’. The deceased was a woman and no woman by her nature would ever display her college identity card hanging around her neck while traveling all the way from Mumbai to Ahmedabad…It appears to me in my inquiry that when she was detained, the police have grabbed her purse and to disclose her identity they have removed the identity card and displayed the same around her neck. Apart from this identity card neither purse nor handkerchief has been recovered from her. However, from the dickey of the car, a black coloured ladies purse containing three numbers of napkins has been recovered. Ordinarily, women by their nature, while traveling such a long distance from Mumbai to Ahmedabad would keep purse and handkerchief in hand, which in the instant case was not recovered by the police but found from the dickey of the car. Under no circumstances a woman traveling from Mumbai to Ahmedabad would keep her purse and handkerchief in the dickey of the car. Thus, it appears to me in inquiry that the police have after detaining her, grabbed her purse, removed her identity card and displayed the same around her neck so as to disclose her identity and then put the purse in the dickey.” [Source]

[Sanjeev: Temang is right on this. The police story and physical evidence reeks of a fake encounter. Ishrat’s dead body was PLANTED in the car.]

Tamang suggests that Javed and Ishrat were kidnapped from Mumbai

Mr. Tamang’s report said the Crime Branch police “kidnapped” Ishrat and the others from Mumbai on June 12 and brought them to Ahmedabad. The four were killed on the night of June 14 in police custody, but the police claimed that an “encounter” took place the next morning on the outskirts of Ahmedabad. That rigor mortis set in between 11 p.m. and midnight the previous night clearly pointed to the fact that the police pumped bullets into Ishrat’s lifeless body to substantiate the encounter theory. [Source]

An inquiry by the Ahmedabad metropolitan magistrate has concluded that Ishrat was kidnapped by Gujarat police from near her Mumbra home (60km northeast of Mumbai) on June 12, 2004, along with Javed, and killed in “cold blood” two days later. [Source]

CBI report shows that Ishrat and Javed were seized by the Police in Anand on 11 June

witness from a toll plaza near Vasad (Anand) told the CBI that he had seen a Gujarat Police team taking Javed and Ishrat into custody from an unidentified car. [Source]

[details are provided in Mukul Sinha’s article: The Abduction of Javed-Ishrat]

[Sanjeev: There is some discrepancy here between reports of Tamang and CBI – I go by the CBI evidence in this case]

Javed and Ishrat were kept inside a farmhouse on the outskirts of Ahmedabad

The CBI also tracked eyewitnesses who claimed that Ishrat and three others were kept inside a farmhouse on the outskirts of Ahmedabad days before they were shown to be killed in the encounter. [Source]

Javed and Ishrat were killed before midnight of 14 June 2004

Based on scientific evidence including the post mortem report, metropolitan magistrate Tamang refuted in 2009 the Crime Branch claim that Ishrat and others were killed around 3.40 am on June 15, 2004. Javed was killed between 8.30 pm and 9 pm on June 14; others between 11 pm and midnight with unlicensed 9 mm pistol and other weapons, he concluded. Tamang said Javed and Jishan had AK-56 wounds, so they couldn’t have been carrying these weapons, and pointed out other ballistic loopholes that were corroborated by the SIT probe. Tamang is now an additional sessions judge on the Una bench of the Junagadh district and sessions court. [Source]

the Tamang report claims that senior IPS officer DG Vanzara’s team killed Javed between 8.30 pm and 9 pm on June 14. Then, two alleged “Pakistanis”, Johar and Rana, were shot dead before Ishrat was killed the same night between 11pm and midnight. Next morning, Vanzara addressed the media and claimed that the four were killed following a police chase early morning. The report mentions that the encounter took place a day before the mentioned date by the Gujarat police. The timing of the death of the four in the report was based on the food contents left in the stomach and the condition of the bodies. The report also claims that after the three men were killed, Ishrat was forced to sit on the front seat and then shot from close range. Later, a gun was planted in her hand and her college ID card was placed around her neck. The report says that either the car was driven or towed away to Kotarpur water works on June 15 and that the two of the men killed were not Pakistani [Source]

[Sanjeev: Tamang is incorrect re: two of the three men not being Pakistani. Indeed, there were two Pakistanis terrorist among these four, but the issue is that these four people (whose bodies are displayed together) WERE NOT REALLY TOGETHER AT ANY TIME BEFORE THEIR DEATH]

AIIMS analysis confirms that ALL four were killed IN ADVANCE of the “encounter”

The post-mortem report analysed by experts at AIIMS concluded that semi-digested food was found in the victims’ stomachs, indicating that the four had been killed seven or eight hours earlier than what the Gujarat Police claimed (police had claimed to have killed them at 3.40 am). [Source]

This was based on the extent of rigor mortis that had set in and the food left undigested in the stomach. [Source]

[Sanjeev: I’m not clear why semi-digested food won’t be found in someone who was killed at, say, 3:40 am; however, the extent of rigor mortis is definitely an important piece of evidence.]

Rana did not open fire on the police

Mr. Tamang noted that hand-wash tests conducted on Rana did not support claims of the police that he opened fire on them — but the Gujarat authorities say the magistrate ignored an earlier positive test conducted on-site. Mr. Tamang also held that 7.62-millimetre bullets found on the person of the victims were fired from a Kalashnikov AK 56 rifle found in the car — a claim the police dispute, arguing that their officially-issued AK 47 weapons use the same ammunition. [Source]

[Sanjeev: It is true that both AK-47 and AK-56 use the same calibre bullets. The dispute re: hand-wash test is a disaster: shows the pathetic quality of forensics in India, when even basic and critical things like this are botched up]

The story about the car’s motion is inconsistent with basic laws of physics

The SIT nailed the accused police officers on one major finding—when Ishrat’s car was in motion and Amin shot at the left tyre of the car, the vehicle would tilt towards the left and not right as claimed by the police. When CFSL experts had a different view on this, the SIT sought a report from a mechanical engineering college in Berkley (USA) which showed that in no circumstances could the vehicle have tilted to the right and hit the divider, but CFSL refused to accept the report. Besides, the video showed no dents on the car which should have been there if the car crashed into the divider. [Source]

The claimed “explosive” powder in the FIR is probably besan

Para 8.5: A gunny bag containing 17 kg of yellow powder was seized from the Indica car. It was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively by the DFS (Directorate of Forensic Science), Gandhinagar and the Deputy Chief Controller of Explosives, Vadodra and it was subsequently opined that the subject chemical mixture is not an explosive mixture. [Source]

The coconuts found in the car were from Javed’s father’s farm

Now we are left with just 30 dry coconuts. So the dreaded LET terrorists came armed with 30 dry coconuts to liquidate the Chief Minister of the State. It should be noted that these weapons of mass(modi) destruction were sourced from Javed’s father, Mr Gopinath Pillai’s backyard, gifted to his grandchildren, i.e. Javed’s three children. [Source]


I believe there is sufficient evidence – beyond reasonable doubt – to show this was a case of COLD BLOODED MURDER by the Police.



Coaching of witnesses in Ishrat Jahan case

FURTHER: Where GL Singhal tells me how he shot Ishrat Jahan in cold blood – [Book extract] The Indian Express recording corroborates the contents of ‘Gujarat Files’.



Fake encounter, premeditated killing, truth

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