India! I dare you to be rich

Category: Books

Ambedkar’s complete writings (full text PDF Word HTML – compilation/ collation)

This is placeholder post, for my convenience. Like I've done with Gandhi's complete writings I intend to combine these into a single PDF document (and single txt file) in due course. At the moment, I'm linking to the key sources of the documents.

[Do advanced google search within "http://www.ambedkar.org/ambcd/" to search for topics.]

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches all the Volumes – Creator : Hon'ble Dr. Anand Teltumbde and Compiler and progagator :Mr. Chakradhar Hadke. [List below]

=Columbia's major Ambedkar site (with annotated text of Annihilation of Caste, and much more: [site
=A timeline of Dr. Ambedkar's life and work: [on this site
=Some images of Dr. Ambedkar: [Indian Routes
="Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development" (1916): [on this site
="What Path to Salvation?" (speech, 1936): [on this site
="Waiting for a Visa" (fragment of autobiography, c.1935-6): [on this site
="Ranade, Gandhi, and Jinnah" (speech, 1943): [on this site
="Pakistan, or, the Partition of India" (Bombay: Thackers, 1945): [on this site
="Why Was Nagpur Chosen?" (speech, 1956): [on this site
="The Buddha and his Dhamma" (Bombay: Siddharth College Publications, 1957): [on this site
=The greatest cache of Ambedkariana, ambedkar.org: [site]

  1. Administration and Finance of the East India Company
  2. Ancient Indian Commerce
  3. Castes in India; Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development
  4. Small Holdings in India and their Remedies
  5. Mr. Russell and the reconstruction of Society
  6. The Present Problem in Indian Currency – I
  7. The Present Problem in Indian Currency – II
  8. Review: Currency and Exchange by H.L. Chablani
  9. The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India: A study in the Provincial Decentralisation of Imperial Finance
  10. Statement of Evidence to the Royal Commission on Indian Currency
  11. Statement of Evidence to the Royal Commission on Indian Currency on 15th December 1925
  12. Review: Report of the Taxation Enquiry Committee, 1926
  13. Untouchables or the Children of India's Ghetto
  14. Essay on Untouchables and Untouchability: Social
  15. Essay on Untouchables and Untouchability: Political
  16. Essay on Untouchables and Untouchability: Religious
  17. Philosophy Of Hinduism
  18. India and Pre-requisite of Communism
  19. Revolution and Counter-Revolution
  20. Buddha or Karl Marx
  21. Riddles in Hinduism
  22. The Untouchables and the Pax Britannica
  23. Manu and the Shudras
  24. Lectures on English Constitution
  25. Paramountcy and the Claim of the Indian States to be Independent
  26. Notes on Acts and Laws
  27. Annihilation of Caste
  28. Federation versus Freedom
  29. Ranade, Gandhi and Jinnah
  30. Mr. Gandhi and the Emancipation of the Untouchables
  31. Communal Deadlock and a Way to Solve it
  32. What Congress and Gandhi have done to the Untouchables
  33. Who were the Shudras ?
  34. Foreword: Commodity Exchange by P.G. Salve
  35. The Problem of Rupee: Its Origin and its Solution
  36. History of Indian Currency and Banking
  37. States and Minorities: What are their Rights and How to secure them in the Constitution of Free India
  38. Foreword: Social Insurance and India by M.R. Idgunji
  39. The Untouchables: Who were they and why they became Untouchables?
  40. Maharashtra as a Linguistic Province (Statement submitted to the Linguistic Provinces Commission)
  41. Pakistan or the Partition of India
  42. Note on the Annexure (Chapter IX: A plea to the foreigner- Additional Chapter in Second Edition of what Congress and Gandhi….)
  43. Commercial Relations of India in the Middle Ages or the rise of Islam and the Expansion of Western Europe
  44. India on the Eve of the Crown Government
  45. Waiting for a Visa: Autobiographical notes
  46. The Constitution of British India
  47. Notes on Parliamentary Procedure
  48. Notes on History of India
  49. Preservation of Social Order
  50. With the Hindus
  51. Frustration
  52. The Problem of Political Suppression
  53. Which is worse? Slavery or Untouchability
  54. Need for Checks and Balances- Article on Linguistic State
  55. Thoughts on Linguistic States
  56. Buddha and his Dhamma

FOLLOWING BOOKS here.

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writing and Speeches Vol. 3

Ranade, Gandhi & Jinnah: Address delivered on the 101st birthday celebration of Mahadev Govind Ranade held on the 18th January 1943 in the Gokhale Memorial Hall, Poona – Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

Castes in India: their mechanism, genesis and development – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

Who were the Shudras? – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

What Congress and Gandhi have done to the untouchables – Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar

The Buddha and His Dhamma – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

The Untouchables: Who were they and why they became untouchables? – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

Pakistan or Partition of India – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

==google drive list==

01.Caste in India.pdf

02.Annihilation of Caste.pdf

03. Maharashtra as a Linguistic Province.pdf

04. Need for Checks and Balances.pdf

05A. Thoughts on Linguistic States Part I.pdf

05B. Thoughts on Linguistic States PART II.pdf

05C. Thoughts on Linguistic States PART III.pdf

05D. Thoughts on Linguistic States PART IV.pdf

05E. Thoughts on Linguistic States PART V.pdf

05F. Thoughts on Linguistic States PART VI.pdf

05G1. Thoughts on Linguistic States Part VII.pdf

05G2. Thoughts on Linguistic States Part VII.pdf

06. Ranade, Gandhi and Jinnah.pdf

07. Evidence before the Southborough Committee.pdf

08. Federation vs Freedom.pdf

09. Communal Deadlock and a Way to Solve It.pdf

10A. Statesand Minorities Preface.pdf

10B1. Statesand Minorities Appendix.pdf

10B2. Statesand Minorities Appendix.pdf

11. Small Holdings in India and their Remedies.pdf

12. Mr Russel and the Reconstruction of Society.pdf

13A. Dr. Ambedkar in the Bombay Legislature PART I.pdf

13B. Dr. Ambedkar in the Bombay Legislature PART II.pdf

13C. Dr. Ambedkar in the Bombay Legislature PART III.pdf

13D. Dr. Ambedkar in the Bombay Legislature Appendix.pdf

14. Dr. Ambedkar with the Simon Commission Preface.pdf

14A. Dr. Ambedkar with the Simon Commission SecIV_V_VI.pdf

14C. Dr. Ambedkar with the Simon Commission C.pdf

14D. Dr. Ambedkar with the Simon Commission D.pdf

14E. Dr. Ambedkar with the Simon Commission E.pdf

15A. Dr. Ambedkar at the Round Table Conferences.pdf

15B. Dr. Ambedkar at the Round Table Conferences.pdf

16A. Evidence Taken Before The Joint Committee PART I.pdf

16B. Evidence Taken Before The Joint Committee PARTII.pdf

17.Philosophy of Hinduism.pdf

18.India and pre-requisite of communism.pdf

19A.Revolution and Counter Rev.in Ancient India PART I.pdf

19B.Revolution and Counter Rev.in Ancient India PART II.pdf

19C.Revolution and Counter Rev. in Ancient India PARTIII.pdf

20.Buddha or Karl Marx.pdf

21A1.Riddles in Hinduism PART I.pdf

21A2.Riddles in Hinduism PART I.pdf

21B.Riddles in Hinduism PART II.pdf

21C.Riddles in Hinduism PART III.pdf

22A.Untouchables or the children of India's Ghetto PART I.pdf

22C.Untouchables or the children of India's Ghetto PART III.pdf

22D.Untouchables or the children of India's Ghetto PART IV.pdf

23. Essay on Untouchables and Untouchability_Social.pdf

24. Essay on Untouchables and Untouchability_Political.pdf

25. Essay on Untouchables and Untouchability_Religious.pdf

26. Administration and Finance of East India Company.pdf

27A. Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India PARTI.pdf

27B2. Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India PARTII.pdf

27B4 Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India PARTII.pdf

27C. Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India PARTIII.pdf

27D1. Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India PARTIV.pdf

27D2. Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India PARTIV.pdf

27E.Bibliography.pdf

27P. Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India PREFACE.pdf

28A. Problem of Rupee_Preface.pdf

28B. Problem of Rupee CHAPTER I.pdf

28D1. Problem of Rupee CHAPTER III.pdf

28D2. Problem of Rupee CHAPTER III.pdf

28E. Problem of Rupee CHAPTER IV.pdf

28F. Problem of Rupee CHAPTER V.pdf

28G1. Problem of Rupee CHAPTER VI.pdf

28G2. Problem of Rupee CHAPTER VI.pdf

28H. Problem of Rupee CHAPTER VIl.pdf

28I. Problem of Rupee BIBLIOGRAPHY.pdf

30. Statement of Evidence to the Royal Commission.pdf

31. Evidence Before the Royal Commission on Indian15.12.25.pdf

32. The Present Problem in Indian Currency-I.pdf

33. The Present Problem in Indian Currency-II.pdf

34. Review Currency and Exchange by H.L.Chablani.pdf

35. Review Report of the taxation Committee, 1926.pdf

36. Foreword Commodity Exchange by by P.G.Salve.pdf

37. Foreword Social Insurance and India by M.R.Idgunji.pdf

38A. Who were the Shudras Preface.pdf

38B1. Who were the Shudras PART I.pdf

38B2. Who were the Shudras PART I.pdf

38C1. Who were the Shudras PART II.pdf

38C2. Who were the Shudras PART II.pdf

38D1. Who were the Shudras Appendix.pdf

38D2. Who were the Shudras Appendix.pdf

39A.Untouchables who were they_why they became PART I.pdf

39B.Untouchables who were they_why they became PART II.pdf

40B.Pakistan or the Partition of India PART I.pdf

40C.Pakistan or the Partition of India PART II.pdf

40D.Pakistan or the Partition of India PART III.pdf

40E1.Pakistan or the Partition of India PART IV.pdf

40E2.Pakistan or the Partition of India PART IV.pdf

40F.Pakistan or the Partition of India PART V.pdf

40G1.Pakistan or the Partition of India APPENDIX.pdf

40G2.Pakistan or the Partition of India APPENDIX.pdf

40G3.Pakistan or the Partition of India APPENDIX.pdf

40G4.Pakistan or the Partition of India APPENDIX.pdf

41A.What Congress and Gandhi Preface.pdf

41B.What Congress and Gandhi CHAPTER I.pdf

41C.What Congress and Gandhi CHAPTER II.pdf

41D.What Congress and Gandhi CHAPTER III.pdf

41E.What Congress and Gandhi CHAPTER IV.pdf

41F.What Congress and Gandhi CHAPTER V.pdf

41G.What Congress and Gandhi CHAPTER VI.pdf

41H.What Congress and Gandhi CHAPTER VII.pdf

41I.What Congress and Gandhi CHAPTER VIII.pdf

41J.What Congress and Gandhi CHAPTER IX.pdf

41K.What Congress and Gandhi CHAPTER X.pdf

41L.What Congress and Gandhi CHAPTER XI.pdf

41M01.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M02.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M03.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M04.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M05.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M06.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M07.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M08.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M09.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M10.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M11.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M12.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M13.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M14.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M16.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M17.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M18.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M19.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M20.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M21.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M22.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M23.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M24.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M25.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M26.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M27.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

41M28.Appendix_What Congress and Gandhi have done.pdf

42. Mr. Gandhi and The Emancipation of The Untouchables.pdf

43. A Plea to the Foreigner.pdf

44A1. Member of The Governor General PART I.pdf

44A2. Member of The Governor General PART II.pdf

44A3. Member of The Governor General PART III.pdf

44A4. Member of The Governor General PART IV.pdf

44B. Grievances of the Scheduled Castes.pdf

44C. Important Correspondence Relating To Transfer.pdf

44D. Statement.pdf

44E1. Dr. Ambedkar As The Member of Ex.Gov.Gen.Council QA.pdf

44E10. Dr. Ambedkar As The Member of Ex.Gov.Gen.Council QA.pdf

44E2. Dr. Ambedkar As The Member of Ex.Gov.Gen.Council QA.pdf

44E3. Dr. Ambedkar As The Member of Ex.Gov.Gen.Council QA.pdf

44E4. Dr. Ambedkar As The Member of Ex.Gov.Gen.Council QA.pdf

44E5. Dr. Ambedkar As The Member of Ex.Gov.Gen.Council QA.pdf

44E6. Dr. Ambedkar As The Member of Ex.Gov.Gen.Council QA.pdf

44E7. Dr. Ambedkar As The Member of Ex.Gov.Gen.Council QA.pdf

44E8. Dr. Ambedkar As The Member of Ex.Gov.Gen.Council QA.pdf

44E9. Dr. Ambedkar As The Member of Ex.Gov.Gen.Council QA.pdf

45A.Buddha and His Dhamma PART I.pdf

45B.Buddha and His Dhamma PART II.pdf

45C.Buddha and His Dhamma PART III.pdf

45D.Buddha and His Dhamma PART IV.pdf

45E.Buddha and His Dhamma PART V.pdf

45F.Buddha and His Dhamma PART VI.pdf

45G.Buddha and His Dhamma PART VII.pdf

45H.Buddha and His Dhamma PART VIII.pdf

46. Ancient Indian Commerce.pdf

47.Commercial Relations of India in the Middle Ages.pdf

48. India on the Eve of the Crown Government.pdf

49. The Untouchables and the Pax Britannica.pdf

50. Lectures on the English Constitution.pdf

51. Paramountry and the Claims of the Indian States.pdf

52A. Notes on Acts and Laws PART I.pdf

52C1. Notes on Acts and Laws PART III.pdf

52C2. Notes on Acts and Laws PART III.pdf

52D. Notes on Acts and Laws PART IV.pdf

52E. Notes on Acts and Laws Burden of Proof.pdf

52F. Notes on Acts and Laws Burden of Proof.pdf

53. Waiting For A Visa.pdf

54. The Constitution of British India.pdf

55. Notes on Parliamentary Procedure.pdf

56. Notes on History of India.pdf

57. Manu and the Shudras.pdf

58. Preservation of Social Order.pdf

59. With the Hindus.pdf

60. Frustration.pdf

61. The problem of Political Suppression.pdf

62.Which is Worse_Slavery or Untouchability.pdf

63A1.Dr. Ambedkar's Entry into the CA.pdf

63A2.Dr. Ambedkar's Entry into the CA.pdf

63A3.Dr. Ambedkar's Entry into the CA.pdf

63A4.Dr. Ambedkar's Entry into the CA.pdf

63A5.Dr. Ambedkar's Entry into the CA.pdf

63A6.Dr. Ambedkar's Entry into the CA.pdf

63A7.Dr. Ambedkar's Entry into the CA.pdf

63B1.CA Debates 15.11.1948 to 8.1.1949 Part I.pdf

63B2.CA Debates 15.11.1948 to 8.1.1949 Part II.pdf

63B3.CA Debates 15.11.1948 to 8.1.1949 Part III.pdf

63B4.CA Debates 15.11.1948 to 8.1.1949 Part IV.pdf

63B5.CA Debates 15.11.1948 to 8.1.1949 Part V.pdf

63B6.CA Debates 15.11.1948 to 8.1.1949 Part VI.pdf

63C1.Constituent Assembly Debates16.5.1949 to 16.6.1949.pdf

63C2.Constituent Assembly Debates16.5.1949 to 16.6.1949.pdf

63C3.Constituent Assembly Debates16.5.1949 to 16.6.1949.pdf

63D1.Constituent Assembly Debates30.7.1949 to 16.9.1949.pdf

63D2.Constituent Assembly Debates30.7.1949 to 16.9.pdf

63D3.Constituent Assembly Debates30.7.1949 to 16.9.1949.pdf

63D4.Constituent Assembly Debates30.7.1949 to 16.9.1949.pdf

63D5.Constituent Assembly Debates30.7.1949 to 16.9.1949.pdf

63D6.Constituent Assembly Debates30.7.1949 to 16.9.1949.pdf

63D7.Constituent Assembly Debates30.7.1949 to 16.9.1949.pdf

63D8.Constituent Assembly Debates30.7.1949 to 16.9.1949.pdf

63E1. Constituent AssemblyDebates17.9.1949 to 16.11.1949.pdf

63E2. Constituent Assembly Debates17.9.1949 to 16.11.1949.pdf

63F1.Third Reading of Draft Const17.11.1949 to 26.11.1949.pdf

63F2.Third Reading of Draft Const17.11.1949 to 26.11.1949.pdf

63F3.Third Reading of Draft Const17.11.1949 to 26.11.1949.pdf

64A1. On The Hindu Code Bill.pdf

64A2. On The Hindu Code Bill.pdf

64A3. On The Hindu Code Bill.pdf

64A4. On The Hindu Code Bill.pdf

64A5. On The Hindu Code Bill.pdf

64A6. On The Hindu Code Bill.pdf

64A7. On The Hindu Code Bill.pdf

64B1.On the Hindu Code Bill.pdf

64B2.On the Hindu Code Bill.pdf

64B3.On the Hindu Code Bill.pdf

64B4.On the Hindu Code Bill.pdf

65A.Dr. Ambedkar As The Law Minister 20.11.1947 to 31.3.1949.pdf

65B.Dr. Ambedkar As The Law Minister 3.2.1950 to 20.4.1950.pdf

65B.Dr. Ambedkar As The Law Minister 3.2.1950 to 20.4.1950.pdf

65B.Dr. Ambedkar As The Law Minister 3.2.1950 to 20.4.1950.pdf

65C.Dr.Ambedkar As The Law Minister 1.8.1950 to 22.12.1950.pdf

65D1.Dr. Ambedkar As The Law Minister 9.2.1951 to 21.4.1951.pdf

65D2.Dr. Ambedkar As The Law Minister 9.2.1951 to 21.4.1951.pdf

 

 

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Optimised copy of scanned original hand-painted constitution of India

As you enter the National Archives in Delhi, you are presented with the original constitution of India – a glorious document that must be seen in the original. Excellent artistic work. [The original constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada] [Note: It is said that the original of the book is kept in a special helium-filled case in the Library of the Parliament of India – please check. I'm no longer sure, since I recall seeing something in the National Archives, but it could have been a copy]

A scanned copy is available here (230 MB) (from the World Digital Library).

OPTIMISED COPY ONLY 60MB

I've optimised this copy and shrunk to 60MB. You can download it here.

INTERPRETATION OF THE ORIGINAL CONSTITUTION

Download PDF here.

Word version here.

FIRST FOUR PAGE (click for larger image)

 

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Vinayak Damodar Savarkar – some of his writings (links/PDF/Word/full text)

One person whose Complete Works will be most cringeworthy is VD Savarkar. Even RSS won't dare to publish his compiled works – so poisonous are these.

But, of course, he was a great man.

He brought out the worst in Indians. He distorted Indian history.

But he was a great man.

Given the scattered nature of Savarkar's works on the internet, I'm building this repository. Some of his works are not yet available anywhere on the internet. 

A web compilation

A fairly comprehensive list of his books is available for download here.

Hindutva (1923)

Scan of one of the original editions (PDF etc). [https://archive.org/details/hindutva-vinayak-damodar-savarkar-pdf ]

Another copy PDF here

My Word version (OCRd) here

Hindu Rashtra Darshan

Download PDF 

Download Word (OCRd)

Download RTF (OCRd)

Six Golden Epochs of Indian History.

Six Golden Epochs of Indian History (volume 1) PDF.

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Golwalkar’s works (We: or our Nationhood Defined, and Bunch of Thoughts): PDF and Word – full text

This is placeholder for my ready access to Golwalkar's works. 

We: Our Nationhood Defined

"the foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e., of the Hindu nation and must lose their separate existence to merge in the Hindu race, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu Nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment – not even citizen's rights."

PDF: Copy on my server.  | Another copy.

Word version: My OCRd version  | ANOTHER OCRd version (direct full text) | An annotation by someone (OCRd version

Print edition: Golwalkar's We Or Our Nationhood Defined: A Critique With The Full Text Of The Book 

Bunch of Thoughts

Hindu-the Sacrificial Goat
The exhortation of the leaders did not stop at that. The Hindu was asked to ignore, even to submit meekly, to the vandalism and atrocities of the Muslims. In effect, he was told: "Forget all that the Muslims have done in the past and all that they are now doing to you. If your worshipping in the temple, or your taking out gods in procession in the streets irritates the Muslims, then don't do it. If they carry away your wives and daughters, let them. Do not obstruct them. That would be violence!" 

PDF: From RSS website

Word version: My OCRd version.

Other writings

http://www.golwalkarguruji.org/

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Why Godbole’s otherwise sensible book adds no value to India: “Good Governance: Never On India’s Radar”

I'm sorry to have this title for my review of Godbole's book.

The book starts off well enough. A liberal at heart (in the classical liberal sense), Mr. Madhav Godbole (of the 1959 batch – around 23 years senior to me – he must be around 77-78 years old now) says all the right things in the beginning.

I note that Mr. Godbole is a diligent man. He knows the Constitution and the laws very well. Prim and accurate citations of names and laws pepper the book. Very useful as a reference.

I particularly like his opposition to the destruction of freedom of speech and his insistence on the right to property. He says the RIGHT THING about each of these and many other related issues. 

So what's the problem?

Well, he has no vision, no idea how to fix the many problems he has identified.

To test his solutions, I looked at the Administrative Reforms section. I was sorely disappointed. His knowledge of the principles of governance/ incentives is extremely ordinary. While talking about new public management he does not display the clarity of thought to identify the precise solutions we need in India.

His reference to the Second Administrative Reforms Commission's 15 reports (at page 250) is laudatory. I disagree! The reports are A TOTAL WASTE. I'll comment separately on these reports one day. I've never seen more garbage in my life – and so voluminous. There is absolutely no mention of the BASICS in these 15 reports. All superficial and flimsy. But as I said I'll discuss this another day.

I'm afraid I could not have the patience to read every word of his otherwise well-researched book.

The book is a litany of complaints about India and its mis-governance. I have no doubt that each of the points Mr. Godbole makes is valid – as far as the depiction of the current system is concerned.

But why take so much time to say that our system is rotten? Everyone knows it. 

We should be focusing on SOLUTIONS. And ACTING on them.

That's where Mr. Godbole and I part company. I am a solutions man. I ACT TO FIX PROBLEMS, not to describe them, repetitively, in over 250 pages.

I'd still believe the book is worth having on one's library. It is a good description of our many failings in India. A good reference document. Use it sparingly, use it to agitate your mind about the MANY failures of India.

I give this book 3 out of 10. Maybe 3.5. Not a single new value-add I could find to include in the SKC agenda. But Mr. Godbole is a liberal. He should appreciate the agenda, if he gets around to reading it.

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A review of PV Indiresan’s book, Vision 2020. Definitely worth reading.

I’ve finished reading Prof. PV Indiresan’s 2003 book, Vision 2020 and commend it to everyone. I’d rate it 7 out of 10, i.e. definitely worth reading.  (Btw, you can read most of the book on google books.)

My earlier impression of PV Indiresan’s work has changed – for the better.

Overall I find that he has a broadly anti-socialist, anti-Keynesian perspective. That did not make him, however, into a classical liberal, for virtually at no place in his book does he base his ideas on liberty, and often settles into planning/ technocratic approaches. A lack of ideological foundation means that his ideas – often creative – are not always consistent, being also not tested on any fundamental policy framework. He was definitely one of the better policy thinkers India has produced, but I’d argue that his work left much to be desired. Had he incorporated elements of Chanakya’s Arthashatra and FA Hayek, he would have produced the best possible ideas.

This does not mean I have changed my mind about his proposal New Paradigm of Rural Development – to micro-manage rural development (refer to my blog post of 19 March 2014). While this paradigm doesn’t involve too much dabbling by the government, it cannot work without government subsidies. Having said that, there is much good in this proposal that needs to be used by urban/rural planners.

I’d argue that Vision 2020 displays a superior understanding of urbanisation than his (other) proposal on rural development. In the book, he notes that agriculture can’t drive India’s future prosperity, that cities need planning, and that capital-intensive heavy duty infrastructure is critical to kick-start growth. On these issues he makes a lot of sense.

As I showed earlier, he had arrived at state funding of elections as a way to reduce political corruption. And he was ambassador of CCS’s school choice program (although in Vision 2020 he has written almost nothing about the use of markets for procurement of government  services).

Overall, PV Indiresan was 80 per cent of the way towards classical liberalism. I wish he had spent time to form a better understanding of the price system, spontaneous order, self-regulation and competition. But he was an engineer (a brilliant one at that), and expecting engineers to understand economics is a bit of a stretch – the mindset needed for these two disciplines is entirely different. That said, he would definitely have supported the SKC reform agenda and distanced himself from most policies of AAP/Congress/BJP.

Most of his good ideas already form part of the SKC agenda. I’ll polish up a few areas (e.g. infrastructure) to reflect his thoughts.

With this, I’ve now published six blog posts on PV Indiresan, with the previous five of them being:

Below is my summary of his thoughts in Vision 2020. Do refer to the original work to understand better. My copy is fully ‘scratched’, as I have made notes all over the place, often in a moving bus.

OUTSTANDING

General theory:

  • Democracy is not an end in itself (p.106)
  • Income inequality is the natural state of society (p.8)

Economics concepts

  • Supply, demand, marginal effects
  • Price discrimination (p.31)
  • Anti-Keynes (p.94-94, 132-133)

Infrastructure:

  • Infrastructure charities – that build public infrastructure (p.62);
  • How capital intensity creates jobs (p.20-21);
  • capital intensive public goods are better (p.26);
  • against appropriate technology (p.89)
  • How big infrastructure is needed to kickstart an economy (p22);
  • infrastructure to eliminate poverty and create jobs (p.27, 33);
  • how housing and construction can play a big role (p.81)

Urbanisation:

  • opposition to agriculture-led growth (p.84)
  • Need to shift from agriculture to industry and services (p.85)
  • Need for urbanisation (p.42)
  • urban density saves petrol;
  • Need for intense urban planning: (107,108)
  • Planned – Mauritius example (p.45);
  • Housing sector– will create jobs (p.17)

Business friendly:

  • Reduce red tape (p.55) and become more business friendly (p.77);
  • simplification of property transactions (p.76);
  • For small sector: no reservations (p.60) but liberalise credit including micro-credit (p.81)

Economic freedom:

  • Globalisation has benefits (p.58)
  • Labour market flexibility (p.81,82)

Basic governance:

  • Distorted incentives of the bureaucracy (p.136-137, 140)
  • Need to focus on administrative reforms (p.86)
  • Judicial reform (p.87)
  • Need for local governments to raise own taxes (p.147)
  • Need to simplify property transactions (p.76)
  • Administration must take a whole of Government perspective (p.50, 113)

Anti welfarism

  • Why subsidy is bad (and why cost recovery is important) (p.27, 28, 30); against unemployment benefits (p.61)
  • Why government doling out schemes will destroy wealth (97)

NOT AS GOOD

Misunderstanding about the effects of competition (p.58)

Insufficient understanding of economic liberalisation (p.69-71)

PURA/ ring road model: Satellite cities should definitely be supported by infrastructure, though.

POOR

Limited vision for India’s ultimate economic status: Believes the maximum India can achieve is equal to the per capita income of the world average in 2002. (p.106)

Theory of the state entirely unrelated to freedom (intellectuals/ politicians/ planners/ administrators) (p.5)

Poor understanding of costs: states that the cost of water/ waste disposal/ cooking gas connectivity, etc. is 10 times cheaper in rural areas than in urban areas. It is quite the reverse.

Poor understanding of salary structure and incentives of bureaucrats (p.80, 148)

Considers Sweden the best socio-economic system (p.6)

Has a communist/ universal subsidy model for 100 sq m land for each family, school, dispensary (p.13) [This contradicts his anti-subsidy stance elsewhere]

Asks the state to direct credit into consumer goods (p.95)

Thinks that the Planning Commission’s plans mean something (they don’t ) (p.113)

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