April 18, 2015
The RSS, the world's largest NGO is one of the most secretive (and ENTIRELY unaccountable) organisation in the world. It was apparently forced in 1949 to create a written constitution, but that document is nowhere to be found on its website. I have found extracts of an English translation of its constitution here and here. I've OCRd etc. and pieced together bits and pieces of the RSS constitution. Any assistance in getting hold of its actual constitution would be appreciated.
And Whereas the Organisation known as "RASHTR1YA SWAYAMSEVAK SANGH" was started on the auspicious Vijaya Dashini day in the year 1982 Vikram Samvat (1925 A.D.) by the late Dr. Keshav Balira.m Hedgewar;
And Whereas Shri Madhav Sadashiv Gohvalkar was nominated by the said Dr. Hedgewar to succeed him in the year 1997 Vikram Samvat (19.10 A.D.)
And Whereas the Sangh had till now no written Constitution;
And Whereas in the present changed conditions, it is deemed desirable to reduce to writing the Constitution as also the Aims and Objects of the Sangh and its Methods of Work;
Whereas in the disintegrated condition of the country it was considered necessary to have an Organisation,
(a) to eradicate the fissiparous tendencies arising from diversities of sect, faith, caste and creed and from political, economic, linguistic and provincial differences, amongst Hindus;
(b) to make them realise the greatness of their past;
(c) to inculcate in them a spirit of service, sacrifice and selfless devotion to the Society;
(d) to build up an organized and well-disciplined corporate life; and
(e) to bring about an all-round regeneration of the Hindu Samaj on the basis of its Dharma and its Samskriti;
[An alternative translation: Whereas in the disintegrated conditions of the country it was considered necessary to have an Organisation:
(a) To eradicate the fissiparous tendencies arising from diversities of sect, faith, caste and creed and from political, economic, linguistic and provincial differences, amongst Hindus;
(b) To make them realise the greatness of their past;
(c) To inculcate in them a spirit of service, sacrifice and selfless devotion to the Hindu Samraj, as a whole;
(d) To build up an organised and well disciplined corporate life; and
(e) To bring about an all-round regeneration of Hindu Samaj.]
(a) The Sangh believes in orderly evaluation of the Society and adheres to peaceful and legitimate means for the realisation of its ideals.
(b) In consonance with the cultural heritage of the Hindu Samraj, the Sangh has abiding faith in the fundamental principle of tolerance towards all faiths. The Sangh as such, has no politics and is devoted to purely cultural work. The individual Swayamsevaks, however, may join any political party, except such parties as believe in or resort to violent and secret methods to achieve their ends; persons owing allegiance to such parties or believing in such methods shall have no place in the Sangh.
1. (a) Any male Hindu of 18 years or above, who subscribes to the Aims and Objects of the Sangh and conforms generally to its discipline and associates himself with the activities of the Shakha will be considered as a Swayamsevak.
(b) A Swayamsevak shall be deemed to be an Active Swayamsevak if he pledges to devote himself for the furtherance of the Aims and Objects of the Sangh, and attends a Shakha regularly or performs any work duly assigned to him.
(c) A Swayamsevak shall cease to be a Swayamsevak if he resigns or is removed for any act prejudicial to the interests of the Shakha or Sangh.
2. Bal-Swayamsevak- Any male Hindu below the age of 18 may be admitted and allowed to participate in shakha programmes as a Bal-Swayarnsevak.
(a) (i) Pracharaks shall be full time workers selected from amongst those devoted workers of high
integrity, whose mission is to serve the Society through the Sangh and who, of their own free will, dedicate themselves to the Cause.
(ii) They will receive no remuneration. However their expenses will be met by the Shakhas.
(b) Appointment of Pracharaks-
(i) The Sarkaryavaha will appoint Kshetra and Prant Pracharaks on the advice of the Akhil Bharatiya Pracharak Pramukh and in consultation with the KSHETRA Sanghachalak and Prant Sanghachalak respectively.
(ii) The Prant Sangltachalak, on the advice of Prant Pracharak, will appoint Pracharaks for different areas in the Prant for the assistance and co-ordination of the Shakhas in their respective areas.
(a) The elected members of the Akhil Bharatiya Pratirtidhi Sabha (vide Article 15 (a) shall elect the Sarkaryavaha.
(b) The Sarkaryavaha shall act in consultation with the Sarsanghachalak.
(c) The Sarkaryavaha, in consultation with the A.B.K.M.; may constitute a new Pram or Prants, out of existing Prant or Prams Similarly the Sarkaryavaha in consultation with the A.B.K.M.; may constitute a Kshetra comprising of two or mare Prams.
(d) The Sarkaryavaha, in consultation with the Sarsanghachalak, as the case may be, and also the Kshetriya Karyakari Mandal (Ksh. KM.), the Prantiya Karyakari Mandal (Pl(rvi) on an ad hoc basis, all the Kshetra Sanghchalak or Pram Sanghachalak is elected according to the provisions of the Constitution. After the election of the KSHETRA OR THE Pram Sanghachalak, he will form the respective Karyakari Mandal according to the provisions of the Constitution.
(e) The Sarkaryavaha may also nominate additional office bearers of the A.B.K.141.; with specific assignments.
Dalegates and Sanghachalaks
(a) (i) Swayamsevaks entitled to vote in a Shakha will elect from among themselves one for every fifty such Swayamsevaks as delegates of the Shakha
(ii) Swayamsevaks entitled to vote in such of the Shakhas as are having less than fifty such Swayamsevaks, will come together to elect delegates.
(b) The elected members of the Akhil Bharatiya Pratinidhi Sabha vide Art. 15 (a) of a Matra will elect the concerned Kshetra Sanghachalak.
(c) The delegates, elected as in Art. 16 (a) in a j111a, in a Vibhag and in a Prant will elect the Jilla Sanghachalak, the Vibhag Sanghachalak and the PRANT Sanghachalak, respectively.
(d) The Jilla Sanghachalak, in consultation with the Prant Sanghachalak and Pram Pracharak, will nominate Sanghachalaks for the various Shakhas and groups of Shakhas within the Jilla.
(e) In case a suitable person is not available for the office of the Sanghachalak, the Jilla Sanghachalak will appoint a Karyavaha.
(1) In case of death, incapacity or resignation of Kshetra, Pram, Vibhag or Jilla Sanghachalak, the K.M. of the larger area may appoint a person to discharge the duties of the respective Sanghachalak until such time as his successor is elected.
(b) The Sanghachalak of a Shakha appointed in accordance with 16 (d) will form a Karyakari Mandal of which he shall be the Chairman, consisting of the following office-bearers duly appointed by him.
(ii) Shareerik Shikshan Pramukh
(iii) Bouddhik Shikshan Pramukh
(iv) Prachar Pramukh
(v) Vyavastha Pramukh
(vi) Seva Pramukh
(vii) Nidhi Prarnukh.
Note: In case suitable persons is/are not available for appointment to any one or more of the above posts the same may remain vacant until suitable person/s is/are available.
(c) Each Karyakari Mandal shall also have in addition not more than five members chosen from amongst the other KARYAKARI Mandals within its area, if any.
(d) K.Ms. will be executive bodies in.their respective area, guided by the K.M. of the immediate larger area for implementing the policy and carrying out the programmes laid down by A.B.P.S.
(c) The K.M. of a Shakha will have the power to take disciplinary action against any individual Swayamsevak for breach of discipline or behaviour prejudicial to the interests of the Shakha or the Sangh. Such an action will be subject to confirmation by the KARYAKARI Mandal of the immediate larger area.
ONE half of THE TOTAL strength shall form the QUORUM for the meetings of the various Karyakari Mandals, and one fifth for the A.B.P.S.
In case of Prant in which the work has not yet developed to an appreciable level, the A.B.K.M. may provide representation to them on the A.B.P.S. in a manner it deems fit.
Interpretation and Amendments to Constitution
(a) The interpretation of the Constitution and its Articles by the Akhil Bharatiya Karyakari Mandal (A.B.K.M), shall be final.
(b) An amendment to the Constitution not inconsistent with the Aims and Objects of the Sangh can be proposed at a convention specially convened for that purpose by the A.B.K.M. on its own, or to the A.B.K.M, by any Prantiya Karyakari Mandal (P.K.M.) or by any other Karyakari Mandal with the recommendation of the respective or by any twenty-five members of the Akhil
Bhartiya Pratinidhi Sabha (A.B.P.S). The A.B.K.M. after due consideration will forward the proposal of such an amendment before the A.B.P.S., and the amendment vein be deemed carried if two-thirds of the members present at the meeting of the A.B.P.S. agree to the amendment.