September 13, 2012
Chanakya (Kautilya): Arthashastra, Chanakya Niti, Chanakya Sutras: Full text Sanskrit, and translations
Writings published well over 2000 years ago should be in the public domain, but it is hard to get Chankya's work in the original Sanskrit, particularly work that can be "cut and paste" into Word or to this blog.
I'm consolidating all available material on Chanakya's writings here. Where possible, I've uploaded the material on my own server. If you come across any edition of Chanakya's work or English translations of his work that I've missed please let me know.
Some of the Sanskrit PDFs are not "cut-and-paste" ready, so if you find Devanagri OCR software let me know.
1) 1915 R. Shamasastry translation. This is available electronically and I've included it in the above version. [Source]
2) 1955 R. P. Kangle's translation (University of Bombay)
3) 1992 LN Rangarajan's translation (Penguin) – available for $10 in "cut and paste" kindle edition. It can also be read (considerable portions) on google books. I tend to use a combination of this translation (of which I have a hard copy) and Shamasastry's translation since Kangle's translation is not electronically available.
Chanakya Niti (Rajanitisastra)
Partial translation (90 verses) Word (Download)
Scholarly articles on Chanakya
Most of these are downloadable. I'll provide links (and keep adding to this list) as time permits. This is only a very small list of scholarly articles available on Chanakya's work.
Balbir S. Sihag, KAUTILYA ON THE SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY OF ACCOUNTING, ORGANIZATIONAL DESIGN AND THE ROLE OF ETHICS IN ANCIENT INDIA, The Accounting Historians Journal,Vol. 31, No. 2 (December 2004), pp. 125-148, http://www.jstor.org/stable/40698303
Balbir S. Sihag, Kautilya on Time Inconsistency Problem and Asymmetric Information, Indian Economic Review, New Series, Vol. 42, No. 1 (January-June 2007), pp. 45-55 http://www.jstor.org/stable/29793874 Balbir S. Sihag, Kautilya on Moral and Material Incentives, and Effort.
Balbir S. Sihag, Kautilya on Public Goods and Taxation
Balbir S. Sihag, Kautilya on Moral and Material Incentives, and Effort
Balbir S. Sihag, (2009),"Kautilya on economics as a separate science", Humanomics, Vol. 25 Iss: 1 pp. 8 -36 [See extracts here]
Balbir S. Sihag, (2009),"Kautilya: a forerunner of neoclassical price theory", Humanomics, Vol. 25 Iss: 1 pp. 37 – 54
Balbir S. Sihag, (2009),"Kautilya on principles of taxation", Humanomics, Vol. 25 Iss: 1 pp. 55 – 67
Balbir S. Sihag, (2009),"Kautilya on international trade policies", Humanomics, Vol. 25 Iss: 1 pp. 68 – 74
Balbir S. Sihag, (2009),"Kautilya on law, economics and ethics", Humanomics, Vol. 25 Iss: 1 pp. 75 – 94
Sihag, B.S. (2005), “Kautilya on ethics and economics”, Humanomics, Vol. 21 Nos. 3-4, pp. 1-28.
Sihag, B.S. (2005), “Kautilya on public goods and taxation”, History of Political Economy, Winter, Vol. 37 No. 4, pp. 723-51.
Sihag, B.S. (2007), “Kautilya on administration of justice during the fourth century BCE”, Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Vol. 29 No. 3, pp. 359-77. [Note: article will need to be purchased]
Sihag, B.S. (2007), “Kautilya on institutions, governance, knowledge, ethics and prosperity”, Humanomics, Vol. 23 No. 1, pp. 5-28.
Sihag, B.S. (2007), “Kautilya on moral and material incentives, and effort”, History of Political Economy, Vol. 39 No. 2, pp. 263-92.
Sihag, B.S. (2008), “Kautilya on management by wisdom during the fourth century BCE”, International Institute of Informatics and Systemics, Proceedings Vol. VII, pp. 256-62.
Sihag, B.S. (2008a), “Kautilya on moral, market and government failures”, International Journal of Hindu Studies, forthcoming.
Sihag, B.S. (2008b), “Kautilya on risk-return trade-off and diversification”, Indian Journal of Economics and Finance, forthcoming.
Balbir Sihag, Kautilya on Prudence, Protection and Prosperity, in The Oxford Handbook of Hindu Economics and Business, Edited by H. D. Vinod.
Sihag, Balbir S., Kautilya on famine, fairness and freedom, Indian Journal of Economics and Business, 06/01/2010
Other material on Chanakya
Some of my blog posts on Chanakya
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